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Table 2 Unemployment risk as any unemployment (upper part) and long-term unemployment (lower part) during the follow-up by mobility and weight status

From: The association of mobility disability and obesity with risk of unemployment in two cohorts from Sweden

  SPHS cohort, n = 40,088 ULF/SILC cohort, n = 39,947
  Model 1, HRs (95% CIs) Model 2, HRs (95% CIs) Model 3, HRs (95% CIs) Model 1, HRs (95% CIs) Model 2, HRs (95% CIs) Model 3, HRs (95% CIs)
Any unemployment
 No mobility disability
  Normal weight Reference group Reference group Reference group Reference group Reference group Reference group
  Overweight 1.07 (1.00–1.13) 1.07 (1.01–1.14) 1.06 (1.00–1.13) 1.06 (1.01–1.11) 1.07 (1.03–1.13) 1.07 (1.02–1.12)
  Obese 1.36 (1.24–1.49) 1.32 (1.20–1.45) 1.32 (1.20–1.45) 1.32 (1.23–1.42) 1.25 (1.15–1.34) 1.24 (1.15–1.34)
 Mobility disability
  Normal weight 2.26 (1.96–2.61) 1.53 (1.33–1.77) 1.54 (1.32–1.78) 1.73 (1.42–2.10) 1.19 (0.97–1.45) 1.24 (1.01–1.53)
  Overweight 2.19 (1.88–2.56) 1.35 (1.15–1.59) 1.39 (1.18–1.64) 1.69 (1.39–2.05) 1.17 (0.96–1.43) 1.22 (1.00–1.50)
  Obese 2.33 (1.90–2.86) 1.40 (1.13–1.73) 1.44 (1.16–1.79) 2.00 (1.55–2.58) 1.26 (0.97–1.64) 1.40 (1.07–1.84)
 Other group comparisons
  Test Nwt/MD vs. Ob/MD1 p = 0.82 p = 0.47 p = 0.61 p = 0.37 p = 0.72 p = 0.48
  Test Ob/noMD vs. Ob/MD2 p < 0.001 p = 0.61 p = 0.47 p = 0.002 p = 0.94 p = 0.40
Long-term unemployment
 No mobility disability
  Normal weight Reference group Reference group Reference group Reference group Reference group Reference group
  Overweight 1.04 (0.97–1.12) 1.04 (0.97–1.12) 1.04 (0.96–1.12) 1.09 (1.04–1.16) 1.11 (1.05–1.17) 1.09 (1.03–1.16)
  Obese 1.38 (1.23–1.54) 1.33 (1.19–1.49) 1.33 (1.19–1.49) 1.30 (1.19–1.42) 1.22 (1.12–1.34) 1.20 (1.10–1.32)
 Mobility disability
  Normal weight 2.37 (1.99–2.82) 1.59 (1.33–1.90) 1.58 (1.32–1.90) 1.68 (1.33–2.12) 1.15 (0.91–1.46) 1.18 (0.93–1.51)
  Overweight 2.08 (1.71–2.53) 1.30 (1.06–1.59) 1.34 (1.09–1.65) 1.62 (1.29–2.03) 1.11 (0.88–1.41) 1.18 (0.93–1.50)
  Obese 2.27 (1.75–2.94) 1.40 (1.07–1.83) 1.37 (1.05–1.80) 2.16 (1.61–2.89) 1.34 (0.99–1.81) 1.50 (1.11–2.05)
 Other group comparisons
  Test Nwt/MD vs. Ob/MD p = 0.16 p = 0.41 p = 0.38 p = 0.17 p = 0.43 p = 0.22
  Test Ob/noMD vs. Ob/MD p < 0.001 p = 0.73 p = 0.83 p = 0.001 p = 0.55 p = 0.17
  1. Values are hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence interval (95% CIs) of any unemployment (≥1 day) and long-term unemployment (≥90 days during two consecutive years) estimated by a stratified discrete proportional hazards model compared to normal weight without MD (the reference group). Individuals who were unemployed for 180 days or more before the start of follow-up or who received any disability pension were excluded. Individuals who received any disability pension, who died who emigrated who turned 65 years or who did not become unemployed before the end of follow up (2012) were censored
  2. Model 1: adjusted for sex and age (demographic factors)
  3. Model 2: + country of birth, educational level, occupational status, and income (socio-economic factors)
  4. Model 3: + short-term unemployment at baseline (< 180 days)
  5. 1. Testing differences between the group with MD and obesity (double exposure) and the group with MD only (single exposure)
  6. 2. Testing differences between the group with MD and obesity (double exposure) and the group with obesity only (single exposure)