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Table 4 Intervention strategies targeting surgeons’ work-related musculoskeletal pain

From: Using an intervention mapping approach to develop prevention and rehabilitation strategies for musculoskeletal pain among surgeons

Strategies Content Target group
Physical exercise training Mandatory workshops with knowledge-sharing on wards
Topic: “Do your physical exercise training – It matters for your health”
Physical exercise training
Individualised physical exercises targeting vulnerable and painful body regions as well as other health risk indicators
The surgeons
Physical ergonomics Mandatory workshops with knowledge-sharing on wards
Topic: “Use available physical ergonomics and sustain your work ability
Guided training
Training and counselling in available physical ergonomics tailored to each surgeon
The surgeons
Micro-breaks Mandatory workshops with knowledge-sharing on wards
Topic: “How to incorporate micro-breaks effectively
Guided training
Training in micro-breaks during surgery
The surgeons
Knowledge of how surgeons’ work impacts on surgeons’ health Mandatory workshops with knowledge-sharing on wards
Topic: “My work impacts on my health – what can I do?”
Guided training
Sessions on how to cope with musculoskeletal pain (e.g. 3 conversations with a professional).
The surgeons
The hospital and the management prioritise surgeons’ work-related musculoskeletal pain Mandatory workshops with knowledge-sharing on wards
Topic: “Prioritising surgeons’ work-related musculoskeletal pain”
Guided training
The management and the hospital receive advice from an external consultancy on how to implement and prioritise the above strategies.
The management and the hospital