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Table 2 Separate and joint effect of hostility and unemployment on all-cause mortality among Danish middle-aged men, n = 3867

From: The joint effect of unemployment and cynical hostility on all-cause mortality: results from a prospective cohort study

Separate and joint effects Alive
(n and row percentage)
Dead
(n and row percentage)
Model 1a
HR 95% CI
Model 2b
HR 95% CI
Employed, not hostile (non- exposed) 2174 (95.5) 103 (4.5) 1 (reference) 1 (reference)
Employed, hostile (separate effect) 1043 (93.1) 76 (6.9) 1.59 (CI 1.18–2.15) 1.47 (1.09–1.99)
Unemployed, not hostile (separate effect) 147 (85.6) 24 (14.4) 3.31 (CI 2.12–5.17) 2.32 (1.46–3.7)
Unemployed, hostile (joint effect) 239 (78.9) 61 (21.1) 5.07 (CI 3.67–7.01) 3.19 (2.22–4.69)
  1. aModel 1 unadjusted model
  2. bModel 2 adjusted education, cohabitation, alcohol abuse and depression