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Table 3 Joinpoint Regression Results Post-CEDAW Ratification

From: Can the health effects of widely-held societal norms be evaluated? An analysis of the United Nations convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women (UN-CEDAW)

Health Indicator Mean Trend 1 Trend 2 Trend 3 Trend 4 AAPC (95% CI)
Ratification Year 20 Years Post-Ratification Year APC (95% CI) Year APC (95% CI) Year APC (95% CI) Year APC (95% CI) Overall (0–20 Years)
Low Income Countries
Female Mortality Rate 307.01 281.51 0–3 0.1 (−0.3, 0.6) 3–11 0.5 (0.4, 0.6) 11–15 -0.6 (−1.1, −0.2) 15–20 −2.2 (−2.3, −2.0) −0.5 (−0.6, −0.3)
Female Life Expectancy 53.78 59.11 0–4 0.4 (0.3, 0.6) 4–13 0.1 (0.1, 0.2) 13–20 1.0 (0.9, 1.0) 0.5 (0.4, 0.5)
Middle Income Countries
Female Mortality Rate 202.18 169.57 0–10 −0.2 (−0.2, − 0.1) 10–18 −1.2 (− 1.3, − 1.0) 18–20 −3.9 (−5.5, − 2.4) −0.9 (− 1.1, − 0.8)
Female Life Expectancy 65.00 69.91 0–12 0.3 (0.3, 0.3) 12–20 0.4 (0.4–0.5) 0.4 (0.3, 0.4)
High Income Countries
Female Mortality Rate 97.84 77.06 0–7 −1.6 (− 1.9, − 1.4) 7–13 −0.7 (− 1.1, − 0.3) 13–17 − 2.0 (− 3.0, − 1.0) 17–20 − 0.1 (− 1.2, 1.0) −1.2 (− 1.5, − 0.9)
Female Life Expectancy 76.08 79.96 0–7 0.3 (0.3, 0.3) 7–12 0.1 (0.1, 0.2) 12–15 0.4 (0.1, 0.7) 15–20 0.2 (0.2, 0.3) 0.2 (0.2, 0.3)
  1. APC annual % change, AAPC average annual % change