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Table 2 Female life expectancy and mortality rates pre- vs. post-CEDAW ratification

From: Can the health effects of widely-held societal norms be evaluated? An analysis of the United Nations convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women (UN-CEDAW)

  Life Expectancy (years) Mortality Rate (per 100,000 population)
Pre-Ratification 5-Years Post   10-Years Post   Pre-Ratification 5-Years Post   10-Years Post  
WHO Region
 Africa 55.6 55.7 p = 0.871 55.2 p = 0.886 295.0 317.1 p = 0.065 337.5 p = 0.034
 Americas 68.5 70.2 p < 0.001 71.5 p < 0.001 165.1 155.5 p = 0.116 151.3 p = 0.212
 Eastern Mediterranean 69.4 71.3 p < 0.001 71.1 p < 0.001 151.9 137.8 p < 0.001 135.1 p < 0.001
 Europe 74.9 76.1 p < 0.001 76.9 p < 0.001 107.9 102.2 p = 0.006 96.2 p < 0.001
 South East Asia 58.1 61.7 p < 0.001 64.6 p < 0.001 260.0 228.3 p = 0.001 202.4 p = 0.001
 Western Pacific 67.7 69.7 p < 0.001 71.1 p < 0.001 185.3 163.6 p < 0.001 153.3 p = 0.001
Country Income Level
 Low 53.3 54.5 p = 0.068 55.3 p = 0.168 308.0 310.0 p = 0.874 318.1 p = 0.625
 Middle 64.7 66.1 p < 0.001 67.0 p < 0.001 202.3 200.0 p = 0.653 198.2 p = 0.343
 High 76.0 77.2 p < 0.001 77.9 p < 0.001 99.7 90.6 p < 0.001 86.3 p < 0.001