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Table 5 Breakfast patterns according to eating habits, meal patterns, and socio-demographic characteristics

From: Identifying eating habits in Finnish children: a cross-sectional study

  Breakfast pattern p-valuea
Irregular Regular
n % n %
Eating habits Unhealthy 709 35.3% 3116 36.4% < 0.001
Avoider 674 33.6% 3066 35.8%
Healthy 623 31.1% 2381 27.8%
Meal (lunch/ dinner) pattern Irregular 913 45.5% 1655 19.3% < 0.001
Regular 1093 54.5% 6908 80.7%
Gender Girls 1130 56.3% 4434 51.8% < 0.001
Boys 876 43.7% 4129 48.2%
Age < 11 years 472 23.5% 2447 28.6% < 0.001
11 years 1243 62.0% 5214 60.9%
> 11 years 291 14.5% 902 10.5%
Language spoken at home Finnish 1962 91.9% 8174 93.3% < 0.001
Swedish 69 3.2% 404 4.6%
Others 105 4.9% 181 2.1%
Parental education level b Low 571 57.7% 1999 42.6% < 0.001
High 419 42.3% 2697 57.4%
  1. aresults for Chi-square test
  2. banything until technical high school was categorized as low education level; anything higher was classified as high education level