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Table 2 Consumption of the 14 food items included in the food frequency questionnaire among unhealthy eaters, fruit and vegetable avoiders, and healthy eaters

From: Identifying eating habits in Finnish children: a cross-sectional study

  Unhealthy eaters Fruit and vegetable avoiders Healthy eaters Total p-valuea
n % n % n % n %
Dark grain bread Maximum once a week 323 24.9% 1358 29.5% 528 11.3% 2209 20.9% < 0.001
2–6 times per week 621 47.8% 2451 53.2% 2237 48.0% 5309 50.2%
At least once a day 354 27.3% 801 17.4% 1896 40.7% 3051 28.9%
Fresh or grated vegetables/ salad Maximum once a week 299 23.0% 1538 33.4% 33 0.7% 1870 17.7% < 0.001
2–6 times per week 639 49.2% 2682 58.2% 1144 24.5% 4465 42.2%
At least once a day 360 27.7% 390 8.5% 3484 74.7% 4234 40.1%
Fruits or berries Maximum once a week 251 19.3% 1992 43.2% 72 1.5% 2315 21.9% < 0.001
2–6 times per week 685 52.8% 2475 53.7% 1641 35.2% 4801 45.4%
At least once a day 362 27.9% 143 3.1% 2948 63.2% 3453 32.7%
Sweet pastry Less than once a week 493 38.0% 2896 62.8% 3115 66.8% 6504 61.5% < 0.001
Once a week 353 27.2% 1022 22.2% 1003 21.5% 2378 22.5%
more than once a week 452 34.8% 692 15.0% 543 11.6% 1687 16.0%
Biscuits/ cookies Less than once a week 352 27.1% 2023 43.9% 2294 49.2% 4669 44.2% < 0.001
Once a week 333 25.7% 1188 25.8% 1134 24.3% 2655 25.1%
more than once a week 613 47.2% 1399 30.3% 1233 26.5% 3245 30.7%
Ice cream Less than once a week 378 29.1% 3183 69.0% 2967 63.7% 6528 61.8% < 0.001
Once a week 359 27.7% 908 19.7% 957 20.5% 2224 21.0%
more than once a week 561 43.2% 519 11.3% 737 15.8% 1817 17.2%
Sugary juice drinks Less than once a week 296 22.8% 2229 48.4% 2026 43.5% 4551 43.1% < 0.001
Once a week 278 21.4% 1028 22.3% 1037 22.2% 2343 22.2%
more than once a week 724 55.8% 1353 29.3% 1598 34.3% 3675 34.8%
Pizza Not at all 21 1.6% 1150 24.9% 1182 25.4% 2353 22.3% < 0.001
Less than once a week 320 24.7% 3165 68.7% 3225 69.2% 6710 63.5%
At least once a week 957 73.7% 295 6.4% 254 5.4% 1506 14.2%
Hamburger or hot dog Not at all 29 2.2% 1255 27.2% 1573 33.7% 2857 27.0% < 0.001
Less than once a week 311 24.0% 3066 66.5% 2895 62.1% 6272 59.3%
At least once a week 958 73.8% 289 6.3% 193 4.1% 1440 13.6%
Salty
Snacks
Not at all 24 1.8% 448 9.7% 515 11.0% 987 9.3% < 0.001
Less than once a week 167 12.9% 2114 45.9% 2219 47.6% 4500 42.6%
At least once a week 1107 85.3% 2048 44.4% 1927 41.3% 5082 48.1%
Milk or soured milk Less than 4 times a week 230 17.7% 858 18.6% 458 9.8% 1546 14.6% < 0.001
Almost once a day 304 23.4% 1045 22.7% 689 14.8% 2038 19.3%
Several times a day 763 58.8% 2706 58.7% 3514 75.4% 6983 66.1%
Cooked vegetables Maximum once a week 775 59.7% 3273 71.0% 2066 44.3% 6114 57.9% < 0.001
Almost once a day 396 30.5% 1207 26.2% 1855 39.8% 3458 32.7%
Several times a day 127 9.8% 128 2.8% 738 15.8% 993 9.4%
Fresh juice Less than once a week 223 17.2% 1446 31.4% 888 19.1% 2557 24.2% < 0.001
1–4 times a week 533 41.1% 2082 45.2% 1700 36.5% 4315 40.8%
5–6 times a week or more 541 41.7% 1081 23.5% 2073 44.5% 3695 35.0%
Soft drink Less than once a week 249 19.2% 2296 49.8% 2536 54.4% 5081 48.1% < 0.001
Almost once a week 804 62.0% 2161 46.9% 2000 42.9% 4965 47.0%
5–6 times a week or more 244 18.8% 149 3.2% 123 2.6% 516 4.9%
  1. aresults for Chi-square test