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Table 2 Adjusted binary logistic regressions to examine the association between stress, demographics and clinical characteristics compare by sex

From: The impact of smoking cessation attempts on stress levels

   Total Male Female
OR 95% CI p-value OR 95% CI p-value OR 95% CI p-value
Smoking cessation Succeed 0.87 0.86 0.89 < 0.001 0.88 0.86 0.90 < 0.001 0.80 0.75 0.86 < 0.001
Failed 1.11 1.09 1.14 < 0.001 1.10 1.08 1.13 < 0.001 1.18 1.09 1.27 < 0.001
Did not attempt 1.00     1.00     1.00    
Age ~ 20 1.00     1.00     1.00    
20 ~ 30 1.37 1.23 1.53 < 0.001 1.42 1.26 1.59 < 0.001 0.99 0.64 1.55 0.975
30~40 1.74 1.55 1.94 < 0.001 1.86 1.66 2.09 < 0.001 0.96 0.62 1.50 0.869
40~50 1.27 1.13 1.41 < 0.001 1.37 1.22 1.54 < 0.001 0.58 0.37 0.90 0.015
50~60 0.75 0.67 0.84 < 0.001 0.80 0.71 0.90 < 0.001 0.44 0.28 0.69 < 0.001
60~ 0.40 0.36 0.45 < 0.001 0.43 0.38 0.48 < 0.001 0.23 0.15 0.37 < 0.001
Family income High 0.91 0.89 0.94 < 0.001 0.93 0.91 0.96 < 0.001 0.70 0.63 0.78 < 0.001
Upper-intermediate 1.01 0.98 1.04 0.556 1.03 1.00 1.06 0.033 0.76 0.69 0.84 < 0.001
Low-intermediate 1.02 1.00 1.05 0.041 1.03 1.01 1.06 0.007 0.92 0.85 1.00 0.041
Low 1.00     1.00     1.00    
Family number 1 1.00     1.00     1.00    
2 0.94 0.91 0.95 < 0.001 0.92 0.89 0.95 < 0.001 1.23 1.13 1.33 < 0.001
3 1.18 1.14 1.22 < 0.001 1.17 1.13 1.22 < 0.001 1.38 1.26 1.52 < 0.001
4 and more 1.25 1.20 1.29 < 0.001 1.24 1.19 1.29 < 0.001 1.42 1.29 1.57 < 0.001
Marital status Cohabiting marriage 1.19 1.15 1.23 < 0.001 1.19 1.15 1.23 < 0.001 1.06 0.94 1.20 0.327
Other types of marriage 1.14 1.10 1.19 < 0.001 1.21 1.16 1.26 < 0.001 0.79 0.70 0.90 < 0.001
Single 1.00     1.00     1.00    
Education level University or more 1.00     1.00     1.00    
High school 1.00 0.98 1.02 0.8395 0.99 0.97 1.02 0.529 1.10 0.99 1.21 0.071
Middle school 0.94 0.92 0.97 < 0.001 0.93 0.91 0.96 < 0.001 1.10 0.97 1.26 0.148
Under Elementary school 0.79 0.77 0.81 < 0.001 0.80 0.78 0.82 < 0.001 0.72 0.64 0.82 < 0.001
Job Office worker 1.90 1.85 1.96 < 0.001 1.89 1.84 1.95 < 0.001 1.69 1.49 1.92 < 0.001
Site worker 1.39 1.37 1.42 < 0.001 1.38 1.36 1.41 < 0.001 1.48 1.39 1.58 < 0.001
Unemployed or homemaker 1.00     1.00     1.00    
Alcohol use Yes 1.15 1.13 1.17 < 0.001 1.15 1.13 1.17 < 0.001 1.17 1.10 1.24 < 0.001
No 1.00     1.00     1.00    
Self-reported health condition Good 1.00     1.00     1.00    
Bad 1.84 1.81 1.88 < 0.001 1.81 1.78 1.85 < 0.001 2.12 1.99 2.26 < 0.001
Underlying Chronic Disease Yes 1.07 1.05 1.08 < 0.001 1.06 1.04 1.08 < 0.001 1.17 1.10 1.25 < 0.001
No 1.00     1.00     1.00    
Survey year 2011 1.00     1.00     1.00    
2012 1.02 1.00 1.05 0.101 1.02 1.00 1.05 0.083 1.00 0.90 1.10 0.933
2013 1.00 0.98 1.03 0.8472 1.01 0.98 1.04 0.493 0.91 0.83 1.01 0.062
2014 0.94 0.92 0.97 < 0.001 0.95 0.92 0.97 < 0.001 0.86 0.78 0.95 0.002
2015 0.97 0.94 0.99 0.0112 0.98 0.95 1.00 0.083 0.85 0.78 0.94 < 0.001
2016 0.94 0.92 0.97 < 0.001 0.95 0.92 0.97 < 0.001 0.87 0.79 0.96 0.005
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