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Table 5 Associations between individual and state-level factors and vaccine completion

From: Going beyond the individual: how state-level characteristics relate to HPV vaccine rates in the United States

  Full model Reduced modela
OR 95% CI p-value OR 95% CI p-value
Teen age 1.17 1.13 1.21 < 0.0001 1.17 1.13 1.21 < 0.0001
Teen race/ethnicity
 Non-Hispanic White (ref) 1     1    
 Non-Hispanic Black 1.41 1.24 1.62 < 0.0001 1.42 1.24 1.62 < 0.0001
 Hispanic 1.61 1.45 1.79 < 0.0001 1.61 1.45 1.79 < 0.0001
 Non-Hispanic other or mixed race 1.27 1.15 1.40 < 0.0001 1.27 1.15 1.40 < 0.0001
Teen gender – Female 1.50 1.41 1.60 < 0.0001 1.50 1.41 1.60 < 0.0001
Family below poverty line 1.61 1.47 1.77 < 0.0001 1.61 1.47 1.77 < 0.0001
Mother is a college graduate 1.13 1.04 1.23 0.018 1.13 1.04 1.23 0.017
Provider recommended HPV vaccine 3.56 3.24 3.92 < 0.0001 3.57 3.24 3.92 < 0.0001
HPV mandate present 1.55 1.02 2.36 0.082 1.71 1.19 2.45 0.015
Percent of state identifying as highly religious 0.13 0.06 0.26 < 0.0001 0.13 0.08 0.20 < 0.0001
Sex education policy present 1.09 0.96 1.23 0.269     
Percent of state identifying as conservative 0.67 0.23 1.99 0.545     
Abstinence only education policy absent (ref) 1        
 Abstinence stressed 1.05 0.91 1.21 0.576     
 Abstinence covered 1.09 0.91 1.23 0.437     
CDC funding per capita (USD) 1.00 0.99 1.02 0.726     
Public Health Department Type
 Decentral (ref) 1        
 Central 1.06 0.91 1.23 0.509     
 Mixed 1.07 0.82 1.39 0.693     
 Shared 1.01 0.84 1.21 0.939     
  1. aLogistic regression models were fit to quantify the relationships between individual- and state-level factors and HPV vaccine completion. The full model represents all correlates that were examined, and the reduced model includes only those correlates that were statistically significantly associated (p < 0.05) with HPV vaccine completion
  2. OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval