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Table 3 Socioeconomic characteristics of households (1028) obtained by the hierarchical ascendant classification

From: Socioeconomic and environmental factors associated with malaria hotspots in the Nanoro demographic surveillance area, Burkina Faso

  Socioeconomic status of households
Low
N = 797
Middle
N = 219
High
N = 12
Total
N = 1028
Distance to health facility, n (%)
  < 5 km 540 (67.8) 127 (58.0) 5 (41.7) 672 (65.4)
 5–10 km 251 (31.5) 87 (39.7) 7 (58.3) 345 (33.6)
  > 10 km 6 (0.8) 5 (2.3) 0 (0) 11 (1.1)
Ownership of radio, n (%)
 No 242 (30.4) 38 (17.4) 4 (33.3) 284 (27.6)
 Yes 555 (69.6) 181 (82.6) 8 (66.7) 744 (72.4)
Ownership of TV, n (%)
 No 788 (98.9) 159 (72.6) 0 (0) 947 (92.1)
 Yes 9 (1.1) 60 (27.4) 12 (100) 81 (7.9)
Ownership of mobile phone, n (%)
 No 82 (10.3) 4 (1.8) 0 (0) 86 (8.4)
 Yes 715 (89.7) 215 (98.2) 12 (100) 942 (91.6)
Ownership of fridge, n (%)
 No 797 (100) 206 (94.1) 0 (0) 1003 (97.6)
 Yes 0 (0) 13 (5.9) 12 (100) 25 (2.4)
Ownership of car, n (%)
 No 796 (99.9) 199 (90.9) 8 (66.7) 1003 (97.6)
 Yes 1 (0.1) 20 (9.1) 4 (33.3) 25 (2.4)
Ownership of motorcycle, n (%)
 No 322 (40.4) 47 (21.5) 0 (0) 369 (35.9)
 Yes 475 (59.6) 172 (78.5) 12 (100) 659 (64.1)
Ownership of bicycle, n (%)
 No 14 (1.8) 10 (4.6) 1 (8.3) 25 (2.4)
 Yes 783 (98.2) 209 (95.4) 11 (91.7) 1003 (97.6)
Toilet ownership, n (%)
 Latrine 3 (0.4) 66 (30.1) 11 (91.7) 80 (7.8)
 Latrines unenriched 19 (2.4) 151 (68.9) 1 (8.3) 171 (16.6)
 Absence 775 (97.2) 2 (0.9) 0 (0) 777 (75.6)
Major source of drinking water, n (%)
 Tap (Piped water) 2 (0.3) 6 (2.7) 7 (58.3) 15 (1.5)
 Well 131 (16.4) 1 (0.5) 0 (0) 132 (12.8)
 Water drilling 660 (82.8) 212 (96.8) 1 (8.3) 873 (84.9)
 Other 4 (0.5) 0 (0) 4 (33.3) 8 (0.8)
Main source of lighting, n (%)
 Electricity 0 (0) 89 (40.6) 12 (100) 101 (9.8)
 Other 797 (100) 130 (59.4) 0 (0) 927 (90.2)
Main material of walls (bedrooms), n (%)
 Made of cement bricks 7 (0.9) 59 (26.9) 11 (91.7) 77 (7.5)
 Semi-hard 81 (10.2) 12 (5.5) 1 (8.3) 94 (9.1)
 Made of clay bricks 709 (89.0) 148 (67.6) 0 (0) 857 (83.4)
Main material of the floor, n (%)
 Tiles 0 (0) 0 (0) 4 (33.3) 4 (0.4)
 Cover floor with roughcast (cement) 568 (71.3) 216 (98.6) 8 (66.7) 792 (77.0)
 Dirt floor 229 (28.7) 3 (1.4) 0 (0) 232 (22.6)
 Main material of the roof, n (%)
 With iron sheets 720 (90.3) 219 (100) 12 (100) 951 (92.5)
 Made of clay and wood 64 (8.0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 64 (6.2)
 Made of straw and wood 13 (1.6) 0 (0) 0 (0) 13 (1.3)
Gas for cooking, n (%)
 No 797 (100) 216 (98.6) 4 (33.3) 1017 (98.9)
 Yes 0 (0) 3 (1.4) 8 (66.7) 11 (1.1)
Electricity, n (%)
 No 797 (100) 130 (59.4) 0 (0) 927 (90.2)
 Yes 0 (0) 89 (40.6) 12 (100) 101 (9.8)