Skip to main content

Table 3 Socio-demographic, clinical, psychosocial and lifestyle characteristics of study population, (n = 1022)

From: Depression and anxiety symptoms in cardiac patients: a cross-sectional hospital-based study in a Palestinian population

Variable n(%)
Socio-demographic factors
 Age, mean (SD) 58.9 ± 10.1
 Gender
  Female 272 (26.6)
  Male 750 (73.4)
 Marital status
  Married 926 (90.6)
  Not married 96 (9.4)
 Residence
  City 474 (46.4)
  Village 473 (46.3)
  Camp 75 (7.3)
 Education degree
  No HS diploma 600 (58.7)
  HS diploma 167 (16.3)
  College degree 255 (25.0)
 Occupation
  Professional 209 (20.5)
  Non-professional 307 (30.0)
  Unemployed 378 (37.0)
  Retired 81 (7.9)
  House wife 47 (4.6)
Clinical factors
 Cardiac diagnosis
  CAD 334 (32.7)
  MI 406 (39.7)
  Angina 162 (15.9)
  Other 120 (11.7)
 Previous cardiac diagnosis
  Yes 690 (67.5)
  No 332 (32.5)
 Years with cardiac disease
  ≤ 1 year 628 (61.5)
  2–9 years 255 (24.9)
  ≥ 10 years 139 (13.6)
 Cardiac treatment (at admission)
  CATH/stent 534 (52.2)
  CATH/CABG 240 (23.5)
  CATH/other & unknown 248 (24.3)
 Co-morbidities
  None 299 (29.3)
  One 303 (29.6)
  Two or more 420 (41.1)
 Medications
  None 132 (12.9)
  1–2 152 (14.9)
  3–4 738 (72.2)
 Somatic symptoms (PHQ-15)
  Minimal 91 (8.9)
  Low 241 (23.6)
  Medium 314 (30.7)
  High 376 (36.8)
 Family history
  Yes 614 (60.1)
  No 408 (39.9)
 QoL, (SF-12-PCS score), mean (SD) 37.6 ± 12.4
Psychosocial factors
 PTSD (PTSD-PCL-S)
  Minimal 611 (59.7)
  Some 95 (9.3)
  Moderate 253 (24.8)
  High 63 (6.2)
 Social support (ESSI)
  Low 364 (35.6)
  High 658 (64.4)
 Resilience (RS)
  Very low 92 (9.0)
  Low 103 (10.1)
  Low-end 204 (20.0)
  Moderate 257 (25.1)
  Moderately-high 274 (26.8)
  High 92 (9.0)
 Self-esteem (SE) score, mean (SD) 5.8 ± 1.4
 QoL,(SF-12-MCS score), mean (SD) 39.7 ± 13.2
Lifestyle factors
 Smoking status
  Never 364 (35.6)
  Former 170 (16.6)
  Current 488 (47.8)
 Currently on diet
  Yes 170 (16.6)
  No 852 (83.4)
 Fat consumption
  Low 480 (47.0)
  Medium 323 (31.6)
  High 219 (21.4)
 Vegetable & fruit consumption
  Low 102 (10.0)
  Medium 353 (34.5)
  High 567 (55.5)
 Alcohol use, (n = 1019)
  Yes 49 (4.8)
  No 973 (95.2)
 Physical activity
  None 337 (33.0)
  Not daily 189 (18.5)
  Daily 496 (48.5)
  1. Note. HS High school, MI Myocardial infarction, CAD Coronary artery disease, CATH Catheterization, CABG Coronary artery bypass graft, CVD Cardiovascular disease, PHQ-15 Patient health questionnaire-15, PCS Physical component summary, QoL Quality of life, SD Standard deviation, PTSD Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD-PCL-S Post-traumatic stress disorder checklist, ESSI ENRICHD social support instrument, RS-14 Resilience scale-14, MCS Mental component summary, BMI Body mass index