Skip to main content

Table 2 Factors associated with anemia in children aged 6–59 months in Togo

From: Prevalence and risk factors of anemia in children aged from 6 to 59 months in Togo: analysis from Togo demographic and health survey data, 2013–2014

Factors Model 1 Model 2
cOR [95% CI] pW aOR [95% CI] pW
Child related factors
 Sex of children   0.3281   
  Male 1.00   
  Female 0.91 [0.76–1.09]   
 Age of children   < 0.0001   < 0.0001
  6–23 months 1.00   1.00  
  24–42 months 0.38 [0.30–0.47]   0.33 [0.26–0.42]  
  43–59 months 0.29 [0.22–0.37]   0.22 [0.17–0.29]  
 Nutritional status   0.0048   
  Normal 1.00   
  Malnourished 1.82 [1.23–2.70]   
  Overweight 1.45 [0.80–2.64]   
 Iron supplements intake   0.5753   
  No 1.00   
  Yes 0.94 [0.75–1.18]   
 Children had malaria < 0.0001   < 0.0001
  No 1.00   1.00  
  Yes 2.55 [2.12–3.07]   3.03 [2.49–3.68]  
Maternal factors
  Mother’s education status   < 0.0001   0.0027
  No education 1.00   1.00  
  Primary 0.94 [0.75–1.17]   1.01 [0.80–1.28]  
  Secondary and more 0.56 [0.45–0.71]   0.67 [0.52–0.86]  
 Mother’s occupation status   0.1749   
  Not working 1.00   
  Working 0.84 [0.66–1.08]   
 Mother’s anemia status   < 0.0001   < 0.0001
  No 1.00   1.00  
  Yes 1.53 [1.24–1.89]   1.62 [1.30–2.02]  
Household factors
 Wealth index   0.0003   
  Poor 1.00   
  Middle 1.02 [0.79–1.32]   
  Rich 0.65 [0.52–0.81]   
 Father’s alive   0.6838   
  No 1.00   
  Yes 1.13 [0.63–2.00]   
 Place of residence   0.0002   
  Rural 1.00   
  Urban 0.66 [0.53–0.82]   
 Region of residence   0.0104   
  Savanes 1.00   
  Kara 1.31 [1.03–2.16]   
  Centrale 1.49 [0.92–1.86]   
  Plateaux 1.21 [0.89–1.64]   
  Maritime (without Lomé) 1.03 [0.69–1.53]   
  Lomé town 0.84 [0.62–1.13]   
  1. pW: p value of Wald’s Chi-Square test cOR: crude OR aOR: adjusted OR 95% CI: 95% confidence interval