Skip to main content

Table 1 Prevalence of anemia (%) among Togolese children aged 6–59 months by demographic and household characteristics

From: Prevalence and risk factors of anemia in children aged from 6 to 59 months in Togo: analysis from Togo demographic and health survey data, 2013–2014

Factors n (%) Anemia (n) Unweighted Prevalence of anemia [95% CI] Weighted Prevalence of anemia [95% CI] p-value
Total 2890 (100.0) 2052 71.0 [69.0–73.0] 70.9 [68.8–73.1]  
Child related factors
 Sex of children      0.2863
  Male 1456 (50.4) 1049 72.0 [69.7–74.7] 71.9 [69.1–74.8]
  Female 1434 (49.6) 1003 69.9 [67.3–72.6] 69.9 [67.1–72.7]
 Age of children      < 0.0001
  6–23 months 1048 (36.3) 887 84.6 [82.4–86.9] 84.0 [81.4–86.5]
  24–42 months 987 (34.1) 660 66.9 [63.9–69.8] 66.4 [63.4–69.5]
  43–59 months 855 (29.6) 505 59.1 [55.3–62.9] 59.7 [55.4–63.9]
 Nutritional status      0.0059
  Malnourished 213 (7.4) 171 80.3 [74.9–85.7] 80.6 [74.8–86.3]
  Normal 2606 (90.2) 1826 70.1 [68.0–72.2] 70.0 [67.7–72.3]
  Overweight 71 (2.4) 55 77.5 [67.7–87.2] 77.4 [67.1–87.7]
 Iron supplements intake      0.4983
  No 2085 (72.6) 1494 71.7 [69.4–73.9] 71.4 [68.9–73.9]
  Yes 788 (27.4) 547 69.4 [65.8–73.1] 69.8 [65.7–73.8]
 Children had malaria     < 0.0001
  No 1820 (63.0) 1173 64.5 [62.0–66.9] 64.5 [61.9–67.2]
  Yes 1067 (37.0) 876 82.1 [79.7–84.5] 82.4 [79.9–84.9]
Maternal factors
 Mother’s education status     < 0.0001
  No education 1345 (46.5) 990 73.6 [70.8–76.4] 74.2 [71.1–77.2]
  Primary 989 (34.2) 710 71.8 [68.8–74.8] 72.7 [69.3–76.0]
  Secondary and more 556 (19.2) 352 63.3 [59.1–67.5] 61.6 [57.4–65.9]
 Mother’s occupation status     0.1650
  Not working 419 (14.5) 309 73.7 [69.4–78.1] 73.9 69.3–78.5]
  Working 2470 (85.5) 1742 70.5 [68.4–72.7] 70.4 [68.1–72.7]
 Mother’s anemia status      < 0.0001
  No 1649 (57.2) 1104 66.9 [64.3–69.6] 66.9 [63.9–69.9]
  Yes 1232 (42.8) 940 76.3 [73.8–78.8] 75.8 [72.8–78.7]
Household factors
 Wealth index      < 0.0001
  Poor 1522 (52.7) 1107 72.7 [70.0–75.5] 74.2 [71.4–77.1]
  Middle 528 (18.3) 397 75.2 [71.1–79.3] 74.6 [70.3–79.0]
  Rich 840 (29.1) 548 65.2 [61.5–68.9] 65.2 [61.4–69.0]
 Father’s alive      0.7447
  No 64 (2.2) 45 70.3 [59.7–80.9] 69.0 [56.9–81.1]
  Yes 2824 (97.8) 2006 71.0 [69.0–73.0] 71.0 [68.8–73.2]
 Place of residence      0.0002
  Rural 2111 (73.0) 1542 73.0 [70.7–75.4] 73.9 [71.4–76.4]
  Urban 779 (27.0) 510 65.5 [61.6–69.3] 65.3 [61.4–69.2]
 Region of residence      0.0259
  Savanes 701 (24.2) 478 68.2 [63.6–72.8] 69.2 [64.4–74.0]
  Kara 434 (15.0) 336 77.4 [72.7–82.1] 77.0 [71.9–82.2]
  Centrale 412 (14.2) 306 74.3 [69.6–79.0] 74.5 [69.6–79.4]
  Plateaux 519 (18.0) 380 73.2 [68.9–77.5] 73.2 [69.3–77.2]
  Maritime (without Lomé) 334 (11.6) 234 70.1 [63.9–76.3] 69.8 [62.9–76.7]
  Lomé town 490 (17.0) 318 64.9 [60.2–69.6] 65.6 [61.1–70.0]
  1. p-value: the p-value of Chi-Square Rao-Scott test