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Table 2 Healthy Eating Index 2010 Scores for Food Purchases by Income-to-Poverty Ratio

From: Nutrition quality of food purchases varies by household income: the SHoPPER study

  Income-to-Poverty Ratioa Unadjusted Adjusted Adjusted High v. Low Adjusted Medium v. Low
  Low 0–1.3 Medium 1.4–3.4 High 3.5+     
N = 202 49 78 75     
Food
Purchases
HEI-2010 total
51.6 (13.9) 57.8 (15.1) 68.2 (13.3) .0001 .05 .03 .58
HEI-fruit total 1.6 (1.7) 2.1 (1.6) 3.1 (1.6) .0001 .08 .11 .94
HEI - whole fruit 1.9 (1.9) 2.6 (1.8) 3.7 (1.7) .0001 .19 .12 .74
HEI - veg total 2.3 (1.6) 2.6 (1.5) 3.6 (1.4) .0001 .01 .01 .57
HEI - green/bean 2.0 (2.2) 2.4 (2.1) 3.4 (1.8) .0003 .37 .33 .94
HEI - whole grain 3.3 (3.4) 4.3 (3.5) 5.0 (3.7) .03 .91 .71 .93
HEI - refined grain 6.5 (3.5) 6.5 (3.6) 7.8 (2.9) .03 .10 .10 .95
HEI - dairy 5.0 (3.3) 5.0 (2.9) 5.6 (3.0) .38 .05 .02 .06
HEI total protein 4.0(1.4) 4.4
(1.1)
4.2
(1.2)
.27 .19 .17 .07
HEI-seafood/plants 2.0 (2.0) 2.8 (2.0) 3.4 (2.0) .001 .14 .05 .11
HEI-fatty acids 5.1 (3.2) 5.1 (3.5) 5.1 (3.6) .99 .99 .87 .92
HEI-sodium 5.1 (4.5) 6.1 (3.7) 6.8 (3.7) .05 .07 .02 .14
HEI-empty calories 12.9 (5.7) 14.0 (5.4) 16.4 (4.2) .0003 .43 .32 .97
  1. NOTE: aUnadjusted means and standard deviations are shown in table
  2. Adjusted = adjusted for race, marital status and education