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Table 1 Demographic and Household Variables by Income-to-Poverty Ratio

From: Nutrition quality of food purchases varies by household income: the SHoPPER study

  Income-to-Poverty Ratio
  Low 0–1.3 Medium 1.4–3.4 High 3.5+ Unadjusted p
N = 202 49 78 75  
Demographic Variables (%;n)
 Sex (% female, n females) 83.7 (41) 82.1 (64) 84.0 (63) .94
Age (yrs)     .32
 18–29 (n = 31) 6.1 (3) 19.2 (15) 17.3 (13)  
 30–49 (n = 96) 53.1 (26) 47.4 (37) 44.0 (33)  
 50+ (n = 74) 40.8 (20) 33.3 (26) 38.7 (29)  
Household Size     .03
 1 34.7 (17) 34.6 (27) 36.0 (27)  
 2 24.5 (12) 20.5 (16) 42.7 (32)  
 3 8.2 (4) 10.3 (8) 5.3 (4)  
 4+ 32.7 (16) 34.6 (27) 16.0 (12)  
Children in Household (yes) 42.9 (21) 51.3 (40) 81.3 (61) .0001
Marital Status     .002
 Single 42.9 (21) 34.6 (27) 25.3 (19)  
 Cohabitate/married 18.4 (9) 44.9 (35) 54.7 (41)  
 Divorced/separated/widow 38.8 (19) 20.5 (16) 20.0 (15)  
Weight Status     .0001
 normal weight 12.2 (6) 25.6 (20) 45.3 (34)  
 overweight 8.2 (4) 23.1 (18) 25.3 (19)  
 obese 79.6 (39) 51.3 (40) 29.3 (22)  
Race     .0001
 African American (n = 87) 77.6 (38) 48.7 (38) 20.0 (15)  
 Latino/Other (n = 50) 16.3 (8) 30.8 (24) 24.0 (18)  
 White (n = 60) 6.1 (3) 20.5 (16) 56.0 (42)  
Education
  < High school 28.6 (14) 11.5 (9) 1.3 (1)  
 Some college 55.1 (27) 39.7 (31) 14.7 (11)  
 College degree 12.2 (6) 37.2 (29) 37.3 (28)  
  ≥ College degree 4.1 (2) 11.5 (9) 46.7 (35)  
Employed Full Time 12.2 (6) 37.2 (29) 69.33 (52) .0001
Food Secure 22.5 (11) 41.0 (32) 60.0 (45) .0002
SNAP enrolled 83.7 (41) 46.2 (36) 6.7 (5) .001
  1. Note: Percents (N) are unadjusted