Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of the sample stratified by site

From: Association between breakfast frequency and physical activity and sedentary time: a cross-sectional study in children from 12 countries

Country (site) n (% female) Age (y) BMI z-score Highest level of parental education (%)a 3-category breakfast definition (%)a 2-category breakfast definition (%)a Time spent in each PA intensity (min/day)
High Medium Low Rare Occasional Frequent <Daily Daily Sedentary Light Moderate Vigorous MVPA
Australia (Adelaide) 477 (54) 10.3 (0.5) 0.59 (1.12) 11.3 46.8 41.9 6.1 12.6 81.3 26.0 74.0 477 (60) 310 (48) 43 (13) 23 (12) 65 (23)
Brazil (Sao Paulo) 448 (51) 10.0 (0.5) 0.88 (1.43) 23.9 53.8 22.3 16.1 24.1 59.8 50.5 49.6 501 (68) 338 (53) 42 (17) 18 (11) 59 (26)
Canada (Ottawa) 516 (59) 10.0 (0.4) 0.41 (1.20) 1.9 26.4 71.7 3.1 10.1 86.8 21.5 78.5 512 (63) 304 (45) 42 (12) 17 (9) 59 (19)
China (Tianjin) 495 (48) 9.4 (0.5) 0.72 (1.53) 33.3 44.9 21.8 4.0 13.5 82.4 28.3 71.7 565 (68) 293 (54) 33 (11) 13 (7) 45 (16)
Colombia (Bogotá) 855 (51) 10.0 (0.6) 0.20 (1.04) 30.6 51.4 18.0 1.6 2.6 95.8 5.6 94.4 500 (67) 333 (49) 50 (17) 18 (10) 68 (25)
Finland (Helsinki, Espoo and Vantaa) 470 (54) 10.0 (0.4) 0.26 (1.05) 2.8 55.1 42.1 1.5 10.4 88.1 18.7 81.3 529 (67) 293 (44) 48 (15) 23 (14) 71 (26)
India (Bangalore) 546 (54) 10.0 (0.6) 0.22 (1.37) 5.1 21.8 73.1 14.5 15.9 69.6 37.9 62.1 517 (66) 340 (51) 36 (14) 13 (8) 49 (21)
Kenya (Nairobi) 501 (54) 9.8 (0.7) 0.01 (1.22) 14.4 45.9 39.7 4.2 17.0 78.8 27.2 72.9 495 (66) 330 (52) 49 (20) 23 (14) 72 (31)
Portugal (Porto) 619 (57) 10.0 (0.3) 0.86 (1.15) 45.2 33.9 20.8 2.4 3.6 94.0 14.2 85.8 553 (61) 302 (50) 39 (13) 17 (10) 56 (22)
South Africa (Cape Town) 398 (60) 9.8 (0.7) 0.33 (1.29) 47.0 38.9 14.1 11.8 22.6 65.6 49.5 50.5 489 (66) 322 (53) 46 (17) 18 (10) 64 (25)
U.K. (Bath and North East Somerset) 429 (56) 10.4 (0.5) 0.39 (1.09) 3.0 50.4 46.6 5.1 14.0 80.9 28.7 71.3 495 (59) 286 (46) 43 (13) 21 (12) 64 (22)
U.S. (Baton Rouge) 474 (59) 9.5 (0.6) 0.72 (1.28) 6.1 41.8 52.1 9.9 17.3 72.8 41.8 58.2 521 (61) 314 (51) 35 (11) 15 (9) 50 (19)
All sites 6228 (55) 9.9 (0.6) 0.45 (1.26) 19.6 42.5 37.9 6.3 12.6 81.2 27.1 72.9 513 (69) 315 (53) 43 (16) 18 (11) 60 (25)
  1. Values are mean (SD) unless stated otherwise. Abbreviations: BMI Body Mass Index, PA physical activity; MVPA moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, U.K. United Kingdom, U.S. United States
  2. aValues are frequencies (%) for categorical variables