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Table 6 Multilevel structural equation model parameter estimates for the association between area-level deprivation and preterm birth

From: Area-level deprivation and preterm birth: results from a national, commercially-insured population

  Nonstandardized estimates Standardized estimates
b (SE) P value β (SE) P value
Area level
 Preterm regressed on
  Hypertension 0.263 (0.077) 0.001 0.400 (0.117) 0.001
  Infection 0.102 (0.037) 0.006 0.230 (0.085) 0.007
  Deprivation (direct effect) 0.036 (0.008) <0.001 0.288 (0.076) <0.001
    Hypertension regressed on deprivation 0.048 (0.006) <0.001 0.249 (0.030) <0.001
    Infection regressed on deprivation 0.100 (0.005) <0.001 0.351 (0.017) <0.001
 Indirect effects
  Deprivation-hypertension-PTB 0.013 (0.004) 0.001 - -
  Deprivation-infection-PTB 0.010 (0.004) 0.006 - -
  All indirect effects 0.023 (0.006) <0.001 - -
  All effects 0.059 (0.006) <0.001 - -
Individual level
 Preterm birth regressed on
  Hypertension 0.194 (0.009) <0.001 0.190 (0.009) <0.001
  Infection 0.082 (0.008) <0.001 0.081 (0.008) <0.001