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Table 4 Multi-level random-effects models for the factors influencing PedsQL scoresa

From: Prevalence of body dissatisfaction and its effects on health-related quality of life among primary school students in Guangzhou, China

  Total PedsQL score Physical summary score Psychosocial summary score Emotional function score Social function score School function score
β SE p β SE p β SE p β SE p β SE p β SE p
Gender (femaleREF vs. male) −0.74 0.37 0.047 1.40 0.45 < 0.01 −1.90 0.40 < 0.01 0.81 0.57 0.152 −2.31 0.46 < 0.01 −4.13 0.48 < 0.01
Age (years) 1.11 0.19 < 0.01 1.00 0.23 < 0.01 1.18 0.20 < 0.01 0.73 0.29 0.011 1.52 0.23 < 0.01 1.30 0.24 < 0.01
BD (Not at allREF vs. Mild) −2.96 0.47 < 0.01 −2.18 0.56 < 0.01 −3.38 0.50 < 0.01 −4.04 0.71 < 0.01 −2.69 0.58 < 0.01 −3.45 0.60 < 0.01
BD (Not at allREF vs. Moderate or high) −5.54 0.56 < 0.01 −4.86 0.67 < 0.01 −5.93 0.60 < 0.01 −7.06 0.85 < 0.01 −5.81 0.69 < 0.01 −5.00 0.71 < 0.01
  1. aMulti-level random-effects models were used for the multivariate analyses; PedsQL scores were used as dependent variables; gender, age, BD, BMI, school type, maternal education years, paternal education years, and family income were used as fixed effects; and school was used as a random effect. The level of significance in the analyses was set to 0.05, all p < 0.05 were used in boldface