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Table 1 Distribution of baseline characteristics in the Household Survey and Cardiovascular Disease mortality rates in Panama, 2012–2016

From: Social determinants and cardiovascular disease mortality in Panama, 2012–2016

  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Household Survey
 Households surveyed 16,143 16,143 16,658 15,326 15,326
 Total of surveys 45,636 44,237 43,719 42,396 42,233
 Study population ≥ 15 years 31,586 30,885 30,774 30,324 30,450
 Weighted population ≥ 15 years 2,659,822 2,719,844 2,782,076 2,846,612 2,909,973
 Age, mean (SD) 40.4 (0.11) 40.6 (0.13) 40.8 (0.12) 41.1 (0.13) 41.0 (0.13)
 Monthly income, mean (SD) 331.9 (5.38) 349.8 (6.36) 364.6 (5.45) 397.9 (7.33) 406.3 (5.81)
 Access to social security (%) 58 57 56 57 57
 Years of education, mean (SD) 11.9 (0.03) 11.9 (0.36) 11.9 (0.03) 12.1 (0.03) 12.2 (0.04)
 Study population ≥ 15 years excluding indigenous territories 29,450 28,917 28,878 28,516 28,649
 Weighted population ≥ 15 years excluding indigenous territories 2,530,350 2,589,545 2,650,919 2,714,565 2,777,312
 Age, mean (SD) 40.6 (0.12) 40.7 (0.13) 41.0 (0.13) 41.3 (0.13) 41.2 (0.13)
 Monthly income, mean (SD) 346.3 (5.63) 365.5 (6.65) 380.6 (5.69) 414.4 (7.66) 422.6 (6.06)
 Access to social security (%) 61 60 59 59 59
 Years of education, mean (SD) 12.2 (0.03) 12.2 (0.04) 12.3 (0.03) 12.4 (0.03) 12.5 (0.04)
National Mortality Register
 Mortality rate IHD (× 100,000 inhabitants) 62.8 63.8 62.6 51.1 48.2
 Mortality rate stroke (× 100,000 inhabitants) 45.7 47.1 46.8 44.2 46.7
  1. Missing data: monthly income (n = 73), years of education (n = 122)