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Table 5 Multivariate regression analysis testing associations between different predictor- and background variables in the HBM and sun behaviour with standard beta-values (Std. βs) and p-values

From: Beliefs, attitudes and perceptions to sun-tanning behaviour in the Norwegian population: a cross-sectional study using the health belief model

Variables Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
Std. βs p-value Std. βs p-value Std. βs p-value Std. βs p-value Std. βs p-value
Constant (Unstandardized β) 2.813 .000 2.898 .000 2.745 .000 2.388 .000 1.336 .000
Severity −0.163 .000 −.165 .000 −.166 .000 −.170 .000 −.203 .000
Susceptibility −0.031 .411 −.040 .303 .000 .992 .010 .812 .008 .833
Benefits of behaviour −0.008 .841 .002 .970 .010 .804 −.001 .987 −.051 .193
Barriers to behaviour 0.361 .000 .359 .000 .380 .000 .400 .000 .335 .000
Self-Efficacy    −.040 .319 −.045 .261 −.067 .105 −.060 .127
Gender      .000 .997 −.001 .974 .029 .445
Age      .119 .005 .121 .004 .117 .004
Education      −.124 .004 −.131 .002 −.089 .032
Income      .102 .023 .087 .055 .086 .046
Empowerment        .099 .019 .078 .053
Benefits of tanning          .281 .000
R2 19.9% 20.1% 23.2% 24.0% 31.1%