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Table 2 Prevalence of Asthma Symptoms and Other Allergic Conditions in Overall and According to Gender

From: Prevalence of asthma and other allergic conditions in adults in Khuzestan, southwest Iran, 2018

Asthma symptoms and other allergic conditions Total Gender
Male Female P-value¥
Nb Yes %a (95% CI) Yes %a(95% CI) Yes %a(95% CI)
Asthma-like symptoms 5659 1059 19.0(15.9–22.1) 540 19.2(15.6–22.5) 519 18.7(15.7–22.0) 0.839
Wheezing 5655 728 13.1(10.8–15.4) 374 13.2(10.7–15.8) 354 13.0(10.5–15.4) 0.781
Wheezing with shortness of breath 5539 674 12.3(10.3–14.2) 348 12.5(10.2–14.8) 326 12.0(9.9–14.1) 0.624
Wheezing in the absence of a cold 5516 656 12.1(10.0–14.1) 323 11.8(9.4–14.0) 333 12.3(10.2–14.5) 0.468
Waking with tightness in the chest 5660 690 12.3(10.2–14.3) 349 12.2(9.9–14.6) 341 12.3(10.1–14.5) 0.947
Woken by an attack of breathlessness 5658 580 10.3(8.6–12.0) 303 10.6(8.5–12.7) 277 10.0(8.2–11.7) 0.512
Woken by attack of cough 5668 768 13.6(11.4–15.8) 380 13.3(10.8–15.8) 388 13.8(11.6–16.2) 0.473
Current asthma 5672 478 8.5(7.0–10.0) 231 8.1(6.6–9.7) 247 8.9(7.0–10.7) 0.278
Asthma attack 5646 410 7.3(5.8–8.7) 195 6.8(5.4–8.2) 215 7.7(6.0–9.5) 0.174
Medications for asthma 5666 417 7.4(6.1–8.8) 198 7.0(5.6–8.4) 219 7.9(6.2–9.5) 0.192
Physician-confirmed asthma 5658 359 6.4(5.3–7.5) 171 6.0(4.8–7.2) 188 6.8(5.4–8.1) 0.245
Allergic Rhinitis 5671 1544 27.2(25.1–29.4) 694 24.2(22.0–26.5) 850 30.4(27.8–32.9) < 0.001*
Airway hyperresponsiveness 5708 2190 38.7(35.0–42.3) 1000 35.1(31.3–38.9) 1190 42.3(38.4–46.3) < 0.001*
Eczema 5663 605 10.7(9.2–12.3) 277 9.7(8.0–11.5) 328 11.8(10.0–13.5) 0.021*
  1. a: Prevalence estimates were weighted using normalized cross-sectional weights
  2. b: n may not total to 5708 in some variables due to non-response
  3. ¥ χ2 test
  4. *P < 0.05