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Table 2 Demographic results

From: The impact of intergenerational programs on social capital in Japan: a randomized population-based cross-sectional study

Individual characteristics All 20–39 years (n = 285) 40–59 years (n = 316) 60+ years (n = 290) p-value
n (%) or M (SD) n (%) or M (SD) n (%) or M (SD) n (%) or M (SD)
Gender
 Male 419 (47.0) 135 (47.4) 146 (46.2) 138 (47.6) 0.934
 Female 472 (53.0) 150 (52.6) 170 (53.8) 152 (52.4)
Education
 Less than high school 58 (6.5) 2 (0.7) 11 (3.5) 45 (15.5) 0.001
 High school degree 238 (26.7) 59 (20.7) 71 (22.5) 108 (37.2)
 More than high school 595 (66.8) 224 (78.6) 234 (74.1) 138 (47.6)
Living arrangement
 Lives alone 119 (13.3) 43 (15.2) 35 (11.1) 41 (14.7) 0.270
 Lives with others 763 (85.2) 240 (84.8) 281 (88.9) 238 (85.3)
 No Answer 14 (1.6) 2 (0.7) 0 (0.0) 11 (3.8)
Duration of residence
 Over ten years 509 (57.1) 211 (26.0) 136 (57.0) 35 (87.9) 0.001
Perceived financial status
 Slightly or Extremely 331 (37.1) 119 (42.8) 103 (32.6) 109 (37.6) 0.067
Sufficient Social capital
 Neighborhood trust 3.29 (0.91) 3.09 (0.97) 3.29 (0.86) 3.47 (0.86) 0.001
 Neighborhood norm 3.21 (0.89) 3.06 (0.88) 3.26 (0.87) 3.31 (0.90) 0.002
 Recognition of program 1.19 (0.51) 1.14 (0.49) 1.22 (0.54) 1.19 (0.48) 0.191
  1. Notes: p values obtained using chi-square test or one-way ANOVA test