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Table 5 Common co-morbidities, conditions, and findings of the intentional drowning death victims, Australia, 2006–2014

From: Pattern of intentional drowning mortality: a total population retrospective cohort study in Australia, 2006–2014

Category   n %
Mental disorders Mental and behavioural disorders due to use of alcohol 24 5.3
Mental and behavioural disorders due to use of other substances (tobacco, psychoactive substances, opioids, stimulants) 10 2.2
Schizophrenia 5 1.1
Bipolar affective disorder 10 2.2
Depressive episode 69 15.3
Other anxiety disorders 11 2.4
Others (Schizoaffective disorders, unspecified nonorganic psychosis, recurrent depressive disorder, eating disorder, specific personality disorders, pervasive developmental disorders, hyperkinetic disorders, unspecified dementia, unspecified organic or symptomatic mental disorder, mental disorder not otherwise specified) 15 2.4
Total 144 32.0
Emotional state Other symptoms and signs involving emotional state 12 2.7
Intentional self-poisoning by and exposure to antiepileptic, sedative-hypnotic, anti-parkinsonism, and psychotropic drugs, not elsewhere classified 20 4.4
Intentional self-poisoning by and exposure to diuretics and other and unspecified drugs, medicaments, and biological substances 22 4.9
Intentional self-poisoning by and exposure to others (non-opioid analgesics, antipyretics and anti-rheumatics, narcotics and psycho-dysleptics/hallucinogens not elsewhere classified, alcohol, gases and vapours) 10 2.2
Intentional self-harm by sharp objects and jumping from a high place 7 1.6
Total 59 13.1
Poisoning Poisoning by non-opioid analgesics, antipyretics and anti-rheumatics 6 1.3
Poisoning by narcotics and psycho-dysleptics/hallucinogens 9 2.0
Poisoning by antiepileptic, sedative-hypnotic, and anti-parkinsonism drugs 40 8.9
Poisoning by psychotropic drugs, not elsewhere classified 24 5.3
Poisoning (Poisoning by diuretics and other and unspecified drugs, medicaments, and biological substances) 9 2.0
Toxic effect of alcohol 16  
Total 112 24.9
Finding of drugs and other substances not normally found in blood Finding of alcohol in blood 18 4.0
Finding of psychotropic drug in blood 22 4.9
Finding of other substances (opiate drug, hallucinogen, steroid agent, and other drugs of addictive potential in blood) 10 2.2
Total 50 11.1
Diseases of the nervous system Alzheimer’s disease, Huntington’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, Epilepsy, Primary disorders of muscles, sleep disorders, other disorders of brain) 9 2.0
  1. Source: ABS Cause of Death Unit Record File 2006–2014