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Table 4 Anthropometric, health, fitness, and other self-reported outcomes at baseline and 12 weeks

From: Rugby Fans in Training New Zealand (RUFIT-NZ): a pilot randomized controlled trial of a healthy lifestyle program for overweight men delivered through professional rugby clubs in New Zealand

Outcomes Controls Baseline
Mean (SD)
Intervention Baseline
Mean (SD)
Controls 12 weeks
Mean (SD)
Intervention 12 weeks
Mean (SD)
Adjusted mean difference: intervention vs. control
95% CI
P value
Weight (kg) 110.9 (23.5) 114.7 (25.0) 111.6 (22.1) 113.3 (25.7) −2.5 (−5.4 to 0.4) 0.09
Waist circumference (cm) 117.1 (14.5) 120.1 (16.9) 114.4 (14.7) 113.6 (17.2) −3.5 (−5.1 to −1.9) < 0.0001
% Body fat 34.1 (6.7) 33.9 (8.3) 36.5 (14.5) 32.3 (8.4) −1.8 (−8.5 to 5.0) 0.598
Resting HR (bpm) 73.0 (10.2) 79.3 (16.5) 75.7 (12.2) 71.2 (12.3) −6.7 (− 11.6 to − 1.8) 0.007
Systolic BP (mm Hg) 143.4 (14.9) 143.1 (16.9) 137.5 (14.8) 138.4 (18.0) 0.9 (−4.9 to 6.7) 0.769
Diastolic BP (mm Hg) 94.8 (11.2) 94.5 (13.9) 92.8 (9.8) 88.7 (15.7) −4.2 (−8.2 to −0.2) 0.040
Fitness (4 km cycle test sec) 404.4 (52.0) 412.1 (62.0) 411.1 (53.7) 377.1 (91.1) −26.2 (−53.2 to 0.8) 0.06
Adherent to 3 or more life-style behaviors
Yes (n, %) 25/37 (67.6%) 22/42 (52.4%) 27/37 (73.0%) 33/35 (94.3%) OR 7.9 (1.3 to 48.8) 0.03
  1. Linear and Logistic regression models on key outcomes measured at 12 weeks. All models adjusted for age, Maori/Pacific ethnicity and baseline outcomes. Adjusted Odds Ratios (OR) reported for composite lifestyle score (Yes vs No). SD Standard Deviation; CI is Confidence Interval