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Table 2 Characteristics and findings of the included studies

From: The use of home-based HIV testing and counseling in low-and-middle income countries: a scoping review

Author and Date Population Total participants Percentage(%) of women Percentage (%) of men Age Type of home-based HTC intervention (supervised or unsupervised) Type of HTC test (name of test and manufacturer) Study design Income level Geographic setting (rural/urban/semi-urban)
Becker et al. 2014 [16] couples 390 51 49 15 to 49 years. Supervised HTC by health care worker Unigold rapid test Cross-sectional survey Low income level Semi-urban
Bogart, 2016 [28] home-based testing clients identified 9613 46 54 18–40 years Supervised HTC by health care worker Rapid test
Manufacture not specified
Descriptive qualitative study low income level Rural
Doherty T,2013 [17] Individuals 4154 74.4 25.6 14 years or more Supervised HTC by health care worker SD-Bioline & SENSA tri-line rapid test Cluster randomized controlled trial. Low income Rural
Helleringer et al.2013 [18] Adults 764 54.7 45.3 ≥25 Supervised HTC by health care worker Determine and Unigold rapid test Cohort study low income Can’t tell
Jürgensen et al.2013 [19] Individual 1694 54 46 ≥16 Supervised HTC by health care worker Unigold rapid test cluster-randomized trial Low income Rural
Kim,2016 [24] 1850 individuals and 1009 households 1850 Not specified Not specified Adult male (aged 20 to 59), an adult female (aged 20 to 49), and an adolescent (aged 15 to 19). Supervised HTC by health care worker Rapid test
Manufacture not specified
Randomized Controlled Trial low Rural
Kohler,2014 [20] Women 405 100 0 14 years and older Supervised HTC by health care worker Wilcoxon Mann-Whitney test Cross-sectional survey low income Rural
Krakowiak, 2015 [29] partners of pregnant women 1101 85 15 24-31 years Supervised HTC by health care worker Unigold KHB rapid test Randomized clinical trial (with Mix methods) Low income level Can’t tell
Krakowiak et al.,2016 [30] Pregnant women attending their first antenatal. Male partners of women who were. 1101 48 52 24.9 years (SD = 4.9) for women and 31.0 years (SD = 6.4) for men Supervised HTC by health care worker Not specified Randomized clinical trial low income Can’t tell
C. Low et al.2013 [27] Community leaders and Individuals 313 97.1 2.9 average age was 45 years, Supervised HTC by health care worker Not specified cluster-randomized trial low Rural
Magasana et al.2016 [31] individuals 6757 71.9 28.1 14 and above Supervised HTC by health care worker Not specified Randomized control trial low income Rural
Ndege et al.2016 [21] All women aged 13–50 years were considered to be of reproductive age and were included in the analysis. 119.678 100 0 all consenting persons 13 years and older as well as children less than 13 years of age whose mother is either dead, HIV-positive, or whose vital and/or HIV status is of unknown. Supervised HTC by health care worker Determine and Unigold rapid test observational study: Cross-sectional survey LOW Rural
Novitsky V et al.2015 [32] residents aged 16 to 64 for HIV in the north-eastern sector of Mochudi, a community in Botswana with about 44,000 inhabitants 6238 68 32 age range of 16 to 64 years old Supervised HTC by health care worker Determine and Unigold rapid test cohort study LOW Semi -urban
Parker et al.2015 [25] Individuals 12,269 51 49 18 months and above Supervised HTC by health care worker Determine and Unigold rapid test Cross-sectional survey lower-middle Rural
Shahid et al.2016 [23] spouses of HIV-positive men who inject drugs in Pakistan 2400 100 0 17–60 Supervised HTC by health care worker Determine and Unigold rapid test Cross-sectional study Low Can’t tell
Van Rooyen et al.2016 [26] All family members (adults, adolescents, and children) Not indicated Not indicated Not indicated All ages Supervised HTC by health care worker Not specified systematic review low Rural
Ruzagira et al.2017 [22] Five databases were searched for studies published between 1st January 2000 and 19th August 2016 that reported on linkage to care among adults newly identified with HIV infection through home-based HCT Not indicated Not indicated 19 articles Not indicated Supervised HTC by health care worker Not specified systematic review low income Can’t tell