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Table 1 Characteristics of women attending integrated programs in Ontario (2008–09 to 2014–15)a

From: Levels and predictors of participation in integrated treatment programs for pregnant and parenting women with problematic substance use

Characteristics N %
Education:
 Less than high school 2332 45.2
 High school or more 2677 51.9
 Missing 153 2.9
Receiving social assistance:
 No 1645 31.9
 Yes 3296 63.9
 Missing 221 4.2
Employment status:
 Not employed 4331 83.9
 Employed full or part time 732 14.2
 Missing 99 1.9
Marital status:
 Married or partnered 1622 31.4
 Not married 3491 67.6
 Missing 50 1.0
Pregnant at admission:
 No, possibly, or unknown 4168 80.7
 Yes 974 18.9
 Missing 20 0.4
Problem substance(s): b
 Alcohol 2259 43.8
 Stimulants c 2124 41.2
 Cannabis 1980 38.4
 Opioids d 1617 31.3
Past-year injection drug use:
 No 4591 88.9
 Yes 551 10.7
 Missing 20 0.4
Maximum frequency of substance use, past 30 days:
 Binge use 148 2.9
 3 times per week to daily 2164 50.6
 Up to 2 times per week 857 16.6
 No use 1466 28.4
 Missing 77 1.5
Legal system involvement:
 No 3798 73.6
 Yes 1247 24.2
 Missing 117 2.2
Treatment mandate:
 None 3233 62.6
 Legal system 221 4.3
 Child protection services 1444 28.0
 Employer or school 143 2.8
 Missing 121 2.3
  1. aFirst admission to treatment during the study period; all characteristics self-reported by clients at admission. N = 5162 clients
  2. bClients selected problem substances; categories are not mutually exclusive (percentages do not sum to 100%)
  3. cIncludes powder cocaine, crack, other amphetamines including methamphetamine
  4. dIncludes prescription opioids, heroin, opium, and over-the-counter codeine