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Table 1 Characteristics of the sample and reported reasons for leaving school per gender

From: Cigarette smoking and reasons for leaving school among school dropouts in South Africa

  Total Gender
    Boy Girl
Characteristics % /Mean (SD) n %/Mean (SD) n %/Mean (SD) n
Total 100 4222 58 2506 39.7 1716
Past month cigarette smoking       
Smoker 50.2 2056 61.6 1488 33.9 568
Non – smoker 49.8 2037 38.4 928 66.1 1109
Reasons for leaving school       
No reason for leaving school 20 845 20.8 520 18.9 325
You were pregnant or made
someone pregnant
18.6 787 17.8 447 19.8 340
Working to help the family 16.8 708 17.4 435 15.9 273
Not enough money to pay for school
fees
18.4 777 18.1 484 18.8 323
Had to help with looking after the
house and siblings
5.1 214 4.9 123 5.3 91
Problems with school work, teachers or
the learners
10.4 441 10.7 267 10.1 174
The school was too far 4.4 185 4.5 112 4.3 73
Other 12.3 518 12.4 311 12.1 207
Province       
Gauteng 23 971 26.6 667 17.7 304
Kwazulu Natal 27.3 1153 24.1 603 32.1 550
Mpumalanga 22 930 19.9 498 25.2 432
Western Cape 27.7 1168 29.4 738 25.1 430
Race       
Black African 72.5 2995 70.2 1716 75.9 1279
Coloured 21.8 899 23.7 580 18.9 319
Indian 1.7 70 2.2 54 0.9 16
White 1.4 58 1.2 29 1.7 29
Other 2.6 108 2.7 65 2.6 43
Area       
Rural 46.1 1673 44.6 953 48.3 720
Urban 30.4 1103 32.7 699 27.1 404
Peri-urban 23.5 855 22.8 487 24.7 368
Age 17.4 (1.6) 4215 17.4 (1.9) 2458 17.6 (1.7) 1683
Timing of the dropout       
Grade 7 or lower 18.5 747 19.4 461 17.3 286
Grade 8 16.8 677 17.5 416 15.8 261
Grade 9 17.2 691 18.7 45 14.9 246
Grade 10 20 805 19.6 465 20.6 340
Grade 11 16.8 678 15.6 370 18.7 308
Grade 12 10.7 429 9.2 219 12.7 210
  1. Standard deviation (SD)