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Table 3 Proportion of students falling into each cluster, according to age, field of study and accommodation type

From: Identification of health-related behavioural clusters and their association with demographic characteristics in Irish university students

Male Students
Cluster Title Ideal Healthy Low PA & Poor Diet Convenience Food Alcohol Consumption Smoking & Drug Use
Age (Mean ± SD) 21.05 ± 5.00 22.80 ± 6.85** 20.80 ± 4.70 21.57 ± 5.84 22.25 ± 5.24**
Field of Study - n (%)
 Health, Welfare & Exercise 162 (22.7)a 70 (11.2)b 74 (17.1) 63 (13.4) 104 (16.7)
 Social, Business, Law 107 (15.0)b 107 (17.1) 74 (17.1) 106 (22.5)a 123 (19.7)
 Humanities & Arts 55 (7.7)b 53 (8.5) 36 (8.3) 53 (11.3) 79 (12.7)a
 Education 27 (3.8) 16 (2.6) 20 (4.6)a 10 (2.1) 10 (1.6)b
 Science, Maths, Computing 273 (38.2) 292 (46.7)a 174 (40.1) 176 (37.4) 226 (36.2)b
 Engineering & Manufacturing 62 (8.7) 56 (9.0) 37 (8.5) 36 (7.6) 54 (8.7)
 Other 28 (3.9) 31 (5.0) 19 (4.4) 27 (5.7) 28 (4.5)
Accommodation - n (%)
 At home 392 (55.8)a 362 (58.0)a 256 (58.9)a 148 (31.5)b 328 (52.7)
 Away from home 310 (44.2)b 262 (42.0)b 179 (41.1)b 322 (68.5)a 294 (47.3)
Female Students
Cluster Title Ideal Healthy Low PA &
Smoking
Convenience Foods Alcohol Consumption
Age (Mean ± SD) 21.41 ± 5.62 22.52 ± 6.50** 20.58 ± 3.71** 21.00 ± 6.23
Field of Study - n (%)
 Health, Welfare & Exercise 274 (22.2)a 100 (16.1)b 101 (19.1) 70 (20.4)
 Social, Business, Law 267 (21.7)b 179 (28.7)a 146 (27.7) 95 (27.7)
 Humanities & Arts 209 (17.0)b 146 (23.3)a 95 (18.0) 64 (18.7)
 Education 169 (13.7)a 23 (3.7)b 50 (9.5) 40 (11.7)
 Science, Maths, Computing 205 (16.6) 124 (19.9) 95 (18.0) 55 (16.0)
 Engineering & Manufacturing 26 (2.1) 11 (1.8) 13 (2.5) 6 (1.7)
 Other 82 (6.7) 40 (6.4) 28 (5.3) 13 (3.8)
Accommodation - n (%)
 At home 539 (43.9) 275 (44.1) 278 (52.1)a 107 (31.7)b
 Away from home 690 (56.1) 348 (55.9) 256 (47.9)b 231 (68.3)a
  1. ANOVA: ** = < 0.01; Adjusted Residuals: a = > 2.0 or significantly higher proportion than expected falling into this cluster, b = < 2.0 or significantly fewer proportion than expected falling into this cluster. Numbers are reduced due to missing data for demographic data