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Table 4 Incidence of diabetes mellitus and its associated risk factors at baseline

From: Incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus and prediabetes in Kerala, India: results from a 10-year prospective cohort

Risk factors Incidence (N) Percentage (%) Un adjusted RR (95% CI) Adjusted RR (95%CI) p value
i) Non-modifiable risk factors
Age
 18–45 years 86 17.6 1 1  
  > 45 years 104 27.3 1.55 (1.20–1.99) 1.76 (1.21–2.56) 0.001
Sex
 Female 130 21.4 1 1  
 Male 60 23 0.93 (0.71–1.21) 1.32 (0.90–1.92) 0.599
Family history of diabetes
 Absent 107 18.7 1 1  
 Present 83 28.2 1.51 (1.17–1.94) 1.63 (1.15–2.32) 0.001
ii) Modifiable risk factors
Central obesity
 Absent 62 13.6 1 1  
 Present 128 30.9 2.26 (.0.72–2.98) 1.59 (1.03–2.43) 0.001
Obesity
 Absent (BMI < 25.0) 81 14.6 1 1  
 Present (BMI ≥25.0) 109 34.7 2.37 (1.84–3.05) 2.28 (1.49–3.47) 0.001
Physical activity
 Physical activity ≥600MET/week 169 21.8 1 1  
 Physical activity < 600 MET/week 20 23 1.05 (0.70–1.58) 1.17 (0.66–2.06) 0.796
Hypertension
 Absent 116 19.1 1 1  
 Present 74 28.1 1.47 (1.14–1.89) 1.08 (0.73–1.59) 0.003
Hypercholesterolemia
 Absent 111 19.9 1 1  
 Present 79 25.5 1·28 (0.99–1.65) 1.04 (0.73–1.4) 0.055
  1. Statistical analyses is done using Chi Square test
  2. T2DM type 2 diabetes mellitus, MET metabolic equalent task, BMI Body mass index