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Table 2 Unadjusted and adjusted multivariable models with 4-category physical activity variable and TV/movie related sitting time

From: The combined effect of physical activity and sedentary behavior on subclinical atherosclerosis: a cross-sectional study among Mexican Americans

  Mean difference of cIMT (95% CI) cIMT ≥75% (OR, 95% CI) Presence of Plaque (OR, 95% CI)
Physical Activity (referent = no activity)a
 Low Activity −0.04 (− 0.08–0.001) 0.51 (0.18–1.47) 0.64 (0.31–1.31)
 Moderate Activity − 0.05 (− 0.08--0.01)* 0.64 (0.31–1.30) 0.33 (0.17–0.63)*
 High Activity − 0.06 (− 0.09--0.03)* 0.96 (0.53–1.73) 0.42 (0.22–0.77)*
 TV/Movie Sitting Time (hrs/day) 0.001 (− 0.01–0.01) 1.06 (0.93–1.20) 1.14 (1.01–1.27)*
Physical Activity (referent = no activity)b
 Low Activity −0.02 (− 0.04–0.01) 0.53 (0.18–1.54) 0.74 (0.34–1.62)
 Moderate Activity − 0.02 (− 0.05–0.01) 0.69 (0.34–1.40) 0.35 (0.16–0.74)*
 High Activity − 0.01 (− 0.04–0.02) 1.10 (0.58–2.08) 0.60 (0.30–1.22)
 TV/Movie Sitting Time (hrs/day) −0.002 (− 0.01–0.01) 1.02 (0.90–1.16) 1.10 (0.97–1.25)
Physical Activity (referent = no activity)c
 Low Activity −0.002 (− 0.03–0.02) 0.51 (0.13–1.95) 0.94 (0.42–2.08)
 Moderate Activity −0.009 (− 0.04–0.02) 0.87 (0.42–1.81) 0.35 (0.16–0.76)*
 High Activity − 0.009 (−0.04–0.02) 1.40 (0.73–2.68) 0.60 (0.28–1.26)
 TV/Movie Sitting Time (hrs/day) −0.002 (− 0.01–0.005) 0.97 (0.85–1.14) 1.10 (0.96–1.25)
  1. a, unadjusted model (n = 612); b, adjusted for age and gender (n = 612); c, fully adjusted model
  2. Fully adjusted mean cIMT model included age, gender, cholesterol, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and HBA1c (n = 593)
  3. Fully adjusted cIMT ≥75% model included age, gender, cholesterol, systolic blood pressure, heavy alcohol use, and HBA1c (n = 592)
  4. Fully adjusted plaque model included age, gender, cholesterol, and systolic blood pressure (n = 607)
  5. hrs/day is the weighted average of sitting on a typical weekday and weekend day
  6. *, p < 0.05