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Table 1 Descriptive data of the participants

From: Associations between active commuting to school, sleep duration, and breakfast consumption in Ecuadorian young people

  n = 732 P value
N (%)
Age (n = 718)
 Children 246 (34.3)  
 Young Adolescents 310 (43.2)  
 Older Adolescents 162 (22.6)  
Gender (n = 731)
 Boys 477 (65.3)  
 Girls 254 (34.7)
Mode of commuting to school (717)
 Active commuters to school 154 (21.5)  
 Passive commuters to school 563 (78.5)
Distance from home to school (meters) * 3561.35 (3277.50)  
Distance from home to school (meters)* by age group
 Children 3351.40 (3275.99) 0.096a
 Young Adolescents 3413.25 (3158.43)
 Older Adolescents 4109.90 (3503.75)
Sleep time duration* 8.10 (1.60)  
Sleep time duration by age (hours)*
 Children sleep duration 8.96 (1.46) < 0.001a
 Young adolescents’ sleep duration 7.96 (1.51)
 Older adolescents’ sleep duration 7.08 (1.20)
Sleep duration recommendations# (n = 716)
 Adequate sleep duration 200 (27.9)  
 Non-adequate sleep duration 516 (72.1)
Breakfast consumption recommendations (n = 730)
 Daily breakfast 491 (67.3)  
 Skipping breakfast 239 (32.7)
  1. *Expressed by mean and standard deviation
  2. # Recommended range of sleep time duration by age (National Sleep Foundation’s sleep time duration recommendations, 2015)
  3. aKruskal Wallis test
  4. Missing data: age (n = 14), gender (n = 1), Mode of commuting to school (n = 15), Sleep duration (n = 16), breakfast consumption (n = 1)