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Table 1 Characteristics of cohort participants

From: Effect of calories-only vs physical activity calorie expenditure labeling on lunch calories purchased in worksite cafeterias

  Entire Cohort PACE Labels Calorie Only Labels
N % or Mean(SD) N % or Mean(SD) N % or Mean(SD)
Age, Mean (SD) 371 42.2(10.1) 146 40.9(9.8) 225 43.0(10.3)
Female, % 291 78.4 106 72.6 185 82.2
Race, %
 White 171 46.1 60 41.1 111 49.3
 Black or AA 164 44.2 65 44.5 99 44.0
 Asian 36 9.7 21 14.4 15 6.7
 Hispanic Ethnicity,% 18 4.9 10 6.9 8 3.6
Education Level,%
 High school 47 12.7 17 11.6 30 13.3
 Technical or trade 31 8.4 9 6.2 22 9.8
 Associate’s degree 55 14.8 19 13.0 36 16.0
 Bachelor’s degree 141 38.0 65 44.5 76 33.8
 Master’s or other advanced degree 97 26.2 36 24.7 61 27.1
Current Smoking,%
 Everyday 19 5.1 3 2.1 16 7.1
 Some days 13 3.5 5 3.4 8 3.6
 Adequatea Numeracy Score, % 206 55.5 89 61.0 117 52.0
 Total Literacy, Mean(SD) 371 4.8(1.5) 146 4.8(1.4) 225 4.8(1.5)
Self-reported health,%
 Excellent 63 17.0 26 17.8 37 16.4
 Very Good 139 37.5 52 35.6 87 38.7
 Good 142 38.3 61 41.8 81 36.0
 Fair 25 6.7 6 4.1 19 8.4
 Poor 2 0.5 1 0.7 1 0.4
Occupation category, %
 Administrative 67 18.1 16 11.0 51 22.8
 Customer service or 84 22.7 36 24.7 48 21.4
 Financial or technical 119 32.2 55 37.7 64 28.6
 Environmental 1 0.3 0 0.0 1 0.5
 Management 99 26.8 39 26.7 60 26.8
Marital status, %
 Single, never married 107 28.8 44 30.1 63 28.0
 Married or domestic 200 53.9 77 52.7 123 54.7
 Widowed 4 1.1 1 0.7 3 1.3
 Divorced or separated 60 16.2 24 16.4 36 16.0
Total household income,%
 Less than $25,000 3 0.8 1 0.7 2 0.9
 $25,000 - 49,999 111 29.9 39 26.7 72 32.0
 $50,000 - 99,999 136 36.7 52 35.6 84 37.3
 $100,000 or more 121 32.6 54 37.0 67 29.8
Weight (lbs.), Mean(SD) 278 195.4(51.4) 99 199.4(51.6) 179 193.2(51.1)
Body Mass Index, kg/m2 278 32.0(8.1) 99 32.6(7.9) 179 31.7(8.2)
BP Systolic (mmHg), Mean(SD) 278 117.5(13.3) 99 117.1(13.6) 179 117.6(13.1)
BP Diastolic (mmHg), Mean(SD) 278 74.6(10.1) 99 75.7(10.1) 179 73.9(10.0)
Total Cholesterol (mg/dL), Mean(SD) 278 188.7(39.6) 99 187.4(36.6) 179 189.4(41.2)
HDL Cholesterol(mg/dL), Mean(SD) 274 57.1(17.0) 98 56.1(15.6) 176 57.6(17.7)
LDL Cholesterol (mg/dL), Mean(SD) 255 108.0(33.1) 92 107.2(33.5) 163 108.4(32.8)
Triglycerides (mg/dL), Mean(SD) 273 122.7(86.8) 96 125.9(76.9) 177 120.9(91.6)
Fasting Blood Sugar (mg/dL), Mean(SD) 259 92.6(23.2) 93 90.9(20.4) 166 93.6(24.5)
  1. a2 or 3 correct out of 3 items