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Table 3 Unadjusted and multivariable analysis of the determinants of clustering with regard to social and functional disability

From: A new look at population health through the lenses of cognitive, functional and social disability clustering in eastern DR Congo: a community-based cross-sectional study

Variable COR (95% CI) P value AOR (95% CI) P value
Status of the participant
 Neighbours 1 (reference)   1(reference)  
 Caregivers 0.68 (0.58–1.31) 0.497 0.63 (0.37–1.09) 0.098
 Patients 9.56 (6.62–12.86) < 0.001 3.44 (1.92–6.15) < 0.001
Health zone
 Bagira 1 (reference)   1 (reference)  
 Miti-Murhesa and Katana 1.20 (0.579–2.50) 0.114 1.90 (0.82–4.41) 0.134
 Walungu 2.79 (1.35–5.76) < 0.006 4.67 (2.07–10.58) < 0.001
Sex
 Male 1 (reference)   1 (reference)  
 Female 1.91 (1.33–2.30) < 0.001 2.1 (1.25–2.94) 0.003
Age 1.07 (1.06–1.08) < 0.001 1.05 (1.04–1.07) < 0.001
Household size 0.94 (0.9–0.98) 0.005 1.01 (0.95–1.08) 0.760
Living in conjugal union
 Yes 1 (reference)   1 (reference)  
 No 0.63 (0.48–0.84) 0.001 1.37 (0.80–2.35) 0.760
Education of head of household 0.91 (0.88–0.94) < 0.001 0.97 (0.92–1.02) 0.213
Occupation head
 Employed 1 (reference)   1 (reference)  
 Informal work 0.48 (0.27–0.84) 0.010 0.36 (0.17–0.78) 0.010
 Petty trading/farming 1.01 (0.63–1.61) 0.974 0.45 (0.22–0.85) 0.016
 No occupation 1.91 (1.12–3.28) 0.018 1.01 (0.45–2.29) 0.975
SES
 Least poor 1 (reference)    
 Middle 0.87 (0.60–1.26) 0.455 1.67 (0.93–3.02) 0.088
 Poorest 1.28 (0.88–1.86) 0.200 2.60 (1.22–5.56) 0.014
Listening to radio
 No 1 (reference)   1 (reference)  
 Yes 0.88 (0.68–1.42) 0.342 1.49 (0.91–2.45) 0.113
Acute illness during past 30 days
 No 1 (reference)   1 (reference)  
 Yes 5.08 (3.81–6.78) < 0.001 2.11 (1.24–3.58) 0.006
Child severe acute malnutrition
 No 1 (reference)   1 (reference)  
 Yes 0.81 (0.40–1.62) 0.549 0.84 (0.30–2.37) 0.739
Chronic morbidity
 Absent 1 (reference)   1 (reference)  
 Diabetes or hypertension 7.66 (5.58–10.52) < 0.001 2.73 (1.64–4.53) < 0.001
 Diabetes and hypertension 15.09 (7.85–29.02) < 0.001 6.37 (2.67–15.17) < 0.001
  1. COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio