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Table 2 Multivariable linear regressions on sociodemographic characteristics, intersecting identities, and intersecting experiences of discrimination and outcome of depressive symptoms (per the PHQ-9)

From: Mental health and substance use among women and men at the intersections of identities and experiences of discrimination: insights from the intersectionality framework

  Women’s depressive symptoms Men’s depressive symptoms
  Model with intersecting identities Model with intersecting experiences of discrimination Model with intersecting identities Model with intersecting experiences of discrimination
  B and CI p B and CI p B and CI p B and CI p
Age −0.24 (− 0.40 – − 0.09) .002 − 0.27 (− 0.43 – − 0.12) <.001 0.08 (− 0.11–0.27) .42 0.08 (− 0.11–0.27) .39
Highest parental education
 Bachelor’s degree or above Reference Reference Reference Reference
 Below a Bachelor’s degree 0.80 (0.16–1.44) .01 0.61 (−0.02–1.23) .06 0.22 (− 0.64–1.08) .62 0.23 (− 0.62–1.08) .59
School type
 Private college/university Reference Reference Reference Reference
 State university 1.10 (0.33–1.87) .005 0.67 (−0.08–1.43) .08 0.83 (−0.02–1.68) .06 0.82 (− 0.02–1.66) .06
 Technical college −0.05 (− 0.90–0.81) .91 −0.32 (− 1.17–0.52) .45 −0.06 (− 1.42–1.30) .93 0.07 (− 1.25–1.40) .91
 HBCU −0.37 (− 1.54–0.80) .54 − 1.62 (− 2.55–0.68) <.001 −2.05 (− 4.46–0.37) .10 −1.91 (− 4.06–0.25) .08
Intersecting identities
 Being White and heterosexual Reference    Reference   
 Being White and sexual minority 3.16 (2.03–4.29) <.001    1.90 (0.52–3.28) .01   
 Being Black and heterosexual −0.38 (−1.27–0.50) .40    0.74 (−0.62–2.10) .29   
 Being Black and sexual minority 0.18 (−1.41–1.77) .82    1.91 (−0.80–4.63) .17   
Experience of discrimination
 No discrimination     Reference    Reference
 Only racial discrimination     1.57 (0.93–2.21) <.001    0.96 (0.08–1.85) .03
 Only sexual orientation discrimination     2.59 (1.11–4.07) <.001    3.78 (2.00–5.56) <.001
 Both racial and sexual orientation discrimination     3.63 (2.22–5.03) <.001    1.44 (−0.39–3.27) .12
  Adj R2 = 0.04 Adj R2 = 0.05 Adj R2 = 0.01 Adj R2 = 0.03
  1. HBCU Historically Black Colleges/Universities, B Beta, CI Confidence Interval, p Probability Value, R2 Coefficient of Determination