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Table 1 Characteristics of study participants in relations to sex (bivariate analyses)

From: Mental health and substance use among women and men at the intersections of identities and experiences of discrimination: insights from the intersectionality framework

Characteristics Total Sample N = 2315
N (%) or M (SD)
Women (N = 1522)
N (%) or M (SD)
Men (N = 793)
N (%) or M (SD)
p
Age (SD) 20.49 (1.91) 20.50 (1.89) 20.48 (1.97) .84
Sex
 Male 793 (34.25%)    
 Female 1522 (65.75%)    
Race     <.001
 White 1734 (74.90%) 1047 (68.79%) 687 (86.63%)  
 Black 581 (25.10%) 475 (31.21%) 106 (13.37%)
Sexual orientationa (N = 2290)     .45
 Heterosexual 2038 (89.00%) 1334 (88.64%) 704 (89.68%)  
 Sexual minority 252 (11.00%) 171 (11.36%) 81 (10.32%)
Highest parental educationb (N = 2290)     <.001
 Bachelor’s degree or above 1222 (53.36%) 713 (47.31%) 509 (65.01%)  
 Below a Bachelor’s degree 1068 (46.64%) 794 (52.69%) 274 (34.99%)
School type     <.001
 Private college/university 940 (40.60%) 564 (37.06%) 376 (47.41%)  
 State university 669 (28.90%) 371 (24.38%) 298 (37.58%)
 Technical college 423 (18.27%) 335 (22.01%) 88 (11.10%)
 HBCU 283 (12.22%) 252 (16.56%) 31 (3.91%)
Experience of racial discrimination Yes = 839 (36.24%) Yes = 603 (39.62%) Yes = 236 (29.76%) <.001
 Blacks reporting discrimination = 412 (70.91% of Blacks)     
 Whites reporting discrimination = 427 (24.63% of Whites)     
Experience of sexual orientation discrimination Yes = 203 (8.77%)# Yes = 131 (8.61%) Yes = 72 (9.08%) .70
 Sexual minority reporting discrimination = 140 (55.56% of sexual minority students)     
 Heterosexual students reporting discrimination = 58 (2.85% of heterosexual students)     
Depression score (N = 2284)d 5.24 (5.62) 4.65 (5.31) 5.55 (5.75) <.001
Days of using alcohol within past 30 days 3.58 (4.99) 3.13 (4.51) 4.45 (5.69) <.001
Use of any tobacco products* within past 30 days     <.001
 Yes 399 (17.24%) 217 (14.26%) 182 (22.95%)  
Use of marijuana within past 30 daysc (N = 2220)     .31
 Yes 278 (12.52%) 175 (12.01%) 103 (13.50%)  
  1. * Includes any use of cigarettes, little cigars/cigarillos, smokeless tobacco, e-cigarettes, or hookahs within the past 30 days
  2. a Data are missing for 25 participants who chose “Refuse” b Data are coded as missing for 25 participants who chose “Don’t know”
  3. c Data are missing for 95 participants who chose “Refuse” d Data are coded as missing for 31 participants who chose “Refuse” on items of the PHQ-9 scale
  4. # Discrepancy in sum is due to 4 students with missing sexual orientation data who reported discrimination
  5. HBCU Historically Black Colleges/Universities, N Size of the Sample, M Mean, SD Standard Deviation, p Probability Value