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Table 4 Association of adolescents and selected characteristics of households with adolescent girl’s Anaemia in three districts, Ethiopia 2015

From: Anaemia among adolescent girls in three districts in Ethiopia

Background Characteristics Anaemia Crude OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
  Yes (n,%) No (n,%)   
District
 Damotegale 106 (24.0) 335(76.0) 1.00 1.00
 Debrelibanos 169 (38.3) 272(61.7) 1.96[1.19,3.22] 1.95[1.27,3.01]*
 Laygaynt 111(25.2) 330(74.8) 1.06[0.66,1.72] 1.02[0.69,1.50]
Place of residence
 Rural 338(31.60 732(68.4) 1.97[1.02,3.81] 1.57[0.84,2.92]
 Urban 43(19.0) 205(81.0) 1.00 1.00
Reported age (years)
 10–14 272(31.3) 599(68.7) 2.18[1.18,4.02] 1.98[1.03,3.82]*
 15–17 32(28.1) 236(71.9) 1.87[0.96,3.62] 1.95[0.98,3.87]
 18–19 21(17.2) 101(82.8) 1.0 1.0
Schooling
 In school 337(29.2) 817(70.8) 1.02[0.64,1.63] 0.93[0.56,1.55]
 Out of school 48(28.7) 119(71.3) 1.00 1.00
Smoking status
 Smokes cigarettes 5(21.7) 13(78.3) 1.00 1.00
 Does not smoke 331(29.3) 919(70.7) 1.43[0.61,1.26] 0.83[0.22,3.08]
Household food insecurity
 Food secured 200(26.8) 545(73.2) 1.00 1.00
 Mildly food insecured 39(28.5) 98(71.5) 1.08[0.72,1.63] 1.08[0.69,1.67]
 Moderately food insecured 116(34.4) 221(65.6) 1.43[1.01,2.02] 1.48[1.05,2.09] *
 Severely food insecured 21(27.6) 55(72.4) 1.04[0.43,2.52] 0.84[0.38,1.85]
Dietary Diversity
 Low 193(31.2) 424(68.7) 1.39[1.03,1.86] 1.07[0.69,1.65]
 Medium 156(28.1) 400(71.9) 1.19[0.75,1.90] 1.09[0.65,1.82]
 High 37(24.7) 113(75.3) 1.00 1.00
Agro ecology *
 Highlands 303(31.6) 667(68.4) 1.47[0.78,2.76] 1.30[0.86,1.98]
 midlands 45(21.8) 161(78.2) 0.89[0.58,1.36] 0.77[0.63,0.94] *
 Lowlands 32(23.9) 102(76.1) 1.00 1.00
Wealth quintile
 Lowest (poorest) 87(32.5) 181(67.5) 1.74[1.01,3.01] 1.39[0.68,1.84]]
 Second (poor) 34(31.9) 179(65.1) 1.70[0.92,3.13] 1.26[0.67,2.37]
 Middle 82(30.8) 184(69.2) 1.61[0.91,2.85] 1.33[0.60,2.94]
 Forth (Rich) 76(29.0) 186(71.0) 1.49[0.93,2.37] 1.91[0.69,2.04]
 Highest (Richest) 57(21.6) 207(78.4) 1.00 1.00
Heard the term anaemia
 Yes 136(23.6) 440(76.4) 1.00 1.00
 No 250(33.5) 437(66.5) 1.63[1.23,2.15] 1.58[1.09,2.29*]
Heard about IFA tablets
 Yes 43(28.1) 110(71.9) 1.00 1.00
 No 341(29.3) 823(70.7) 1.06[0.70,1.89] 0.67[0.43,1.04]
  1. *p < 0.05