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Table 5 Determinants of health care utilization for cough illness from the 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health survey (n = 806)

From: Health care utilization for common childhood illnesses in rural parts of Ethiopia: evidence from the 2016 Ethiopian demographic and health survey

Variables Health care utilization COR(95%CI) AOR(95%CI)
Sought health center Not-sought health center
Child age in months
 0–11 month 96 154 Ref. Ref.
 12–23 month 108 132 1.31(0.92–1.88) 1.51(1.03–2.22)*
 24–35 month 68 117 0.93(0.63–1.38) 1.21(0.79–1.87)
 36–47 month 20 56 0.58(0.32–1.00) 0.85 (0.47–1.58)
 48–59 month 14 41 0.55(0.28–1.04) 0.84 (0.40–1.73)
Sex of child
 Male 149 260 Ref. Ref.
 female 157 240 1.14(0.86–1.52) 1.19 (0.88–1.61)
Birth order of child
 First birth 62 94 Ref. Ref.
 Second birth 67 64 0.88 (0.52–1.47) 0.99(0.53–1.78)
 Third birth 42 63 1.01(0.61–1.67) 1.09 (0.60–1.97)
 Forth birth and above 165 279 0.89 (0.62–1.31) 1.34(0.75–2.43)
Total under-five birth
 One birth 156 294 Ref. Ref.
 Two births 127 169 1.42(1.05–1.91) 1.36(0.92–2.02)
 Three and above births 23 37 1.17 (0.66–2.03) 1.15 (0.59–2.21)
Mothers marital status
 Married 293 459 Ref. Ref.
 Divorced 9 24 0.59 (0.26–1.24) 0.72 (0.30–1.63)
 Widowed 1 2 0.78(0.04–8.21) 1.21 (0.05–13.57)
 Separated 3 15 0.31(0.07–0.96) 0.38 (0.09–1.24)
Mothers education level
 No formal education 187 376 Ref. Ref.
 Primary and above 119 124 1.92(1.42–2.62) 1.70 (1.18–2.44)**
Mothers age
 Less than 30 years 180 262 Ref. Ref.
 30 years and above 126 238 0.77(0.58–1.03) 0.83(0.55–1.25)
Husbands education level
 No formal education 132 267 Ref. Ref.
 Primary and above 174 233 1.51 (1.16–2.01) 1.22(0.89–1.69)
Desire to have more child
 Wants more children 219 325 Ref. Ref.
 Wants no more children 87 175 0.74 (0.54–1.00) 0.75 (0.53–1.06)
Wealth index
 Poorest 106 193 Ref. Ref.
 Poorer 67 117 1.04(0.71–1.53) 1.03 (0.68–1.55)
 Middle 52 93 1.02 (0.67–1.54) 0.98 (0.62–1.54)
 Richer 67 67 1.82 (1.20–2.76) 1.51(0.93–2.45)
 Richest 14 30 0.85 (0.42–1.65) 0.56 (0.26–1.17)
Exposure to mass media
 No 221 379 Ref. Ref.
 Yes 85 121 1.20(0.87–1.66) 1.02 (0.71–1.48)
Place of delivery
 Home 191 376 Ref. Ref.
 Health facility 115 124 1.83 (1.34–2.48) 1.74(1.23–2.46)**
  1. Ref. =Reference category
  2. ** p < 0.01; * p < 0.05