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Table 4 Determinants of health care utilization for fever illness from the 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health survey (n = 851)

From: Health care utilization for common childhood illnesses in rural parts of Ethiopia: evidence from the 2016 Ethiopian demographic and health survey

Variables Health care utilization COR(95%CI) AOR(95%CI)
Sought health center Not-sought health center
Child age in months
 0–11 month 102 150 Ref. Ref.
 12–23 month 125 153 1.20(0.85–1.69) 1.37 (0.95–1.97)
 24–35 month 74 99 1.10 (0.74–1.63) 1.44 (0.94–2.21)
 36–47 month 26 57 0.67 (0.39–1.13) 0.89 (0.49–1.59)
 48–59 month 21 44 0.70 (0.39–1.24) 1.05 (0.54–2.00)
Sex of child
 Male 181 271 Ref. Ref.
 female 167 232 1.08 (0.82–1.42) 1.08 (0.82–1.44)
Birth order of child
 First birth 70 93 Ref. Ref.
 Second birth 48 66 0.97(0.59–1.57) 0.87 (0.49–1.51)
 Third birth 43 63 0.91(0.55–1.49) 0.76 (0.42–1.37)
 Forth birth and above 187 281 0.88 (0.62–1.27) 0.96(0.55–1.67)
Total under-five birth
 One birth 186 296 Ref. Ref.
 Two births 137 172 1.27(0.95–1.69) 1.33(0.92–1.92)
 Three and above births 25 35 1.14 (0.65–1.95) 1.43(0.75–2.68)
Mothers marital status
 Married 330 453 Ref. Ref.
 Divorced 12 29 0.57 (0.28–1.10) 0.59 (0.27–1.21)
 Widowed 3 5 0.82 (0.17–3.38) 0.94(0.18–4.05)
 Separated 3 16 0.26 (0.06–0.78) 0.25 (0.06–0.81)*
Mothers education level
 No formal education 219 368 Ref. Ref.
 Primary and above 129 135 1.61 (1.20–2.15) 1.26 (0.89–1.77)
Mothers age
 Less than 30 years 195 255 Ref. Ref.
 30 years and above 153 248 0.81 (0.61–1.06) 0.89(0.61–1.32)
Husbands education level
 No formal education 142 267 Ref. Ref.
 Primary and above 206 236 1.64 (1.25–2.17) 1.37 (1.01–1.86)*
Desire to have more child
 Wants more children 244 326 Ref. Ref.
 Wants no more children 104 177 0.79 (0.58–1.05) 0.81 (0.58–1.12)
Wealth index
 Poorest 114 229 Ref. Ref.
 Poorer 76 100 1.53 (1.05–2.22) 1.53 (1.03–2.27)*
 Middle 65 81 1.61 (1.08–2.40) 1.60 (1.04–2.44)*
 Richer 75 66 2.28 (1.53–3.41) 2.00 (1.27–3.17)**
 Richest 18 27 1.34 (0.70–2.52) 1.15 (0.56–2.30)
Exposure to mass media
 No 260 387 Ref. Ref.
 Yes 88 116 1.13 (0.82–1.55) 0.90(0.63–1.29)
Place of delivery
 Home 219 377 Ref. Ref.
 Health facility 129 126 1.76 (1.31–2.37) 1.51(1.09–2.10)*
  1. Ref. =Reference category
  2. ** p < 0.01; * p < 0.05