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Table 2 Prevalence of lifestyle risk factors by demographic characteristics in the 2013–2014 Australian Child and Adolescent Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing (n = 2314)

From: Lifestyle risk indices in adolescence and their relationships to adolescent disease burden: findings from an Australian national survey

  Major depression % (SE) Self-harm % (SE) Suicide attempt % (SE) Severe psychological distress % (SE) Risky alcohol use % (SE) Illicit drug use % (SE) Unprotected sex % (SE) Sleep % (SE) Smoking % (SE) BMI% (SE)
Sex
 Male 5.4 (0.6) 4.4 (0.6) 1.3 (0.3) 3.7 (0.6) 12.6 (1.0) 5.6 (0.7) 1.0 (0.3) 18.7 (1.2) 6.2 (0.8) 27.1 (1.5)
 Female 15.5 (1.1) 13.7 (1.0) 4.0 (0.6) 9.2 (0.9) 12.5 (1.0) 5.5 (0.7) 2.1 (0.5) 21.9 (1.3) 8.2 (0.8) 29.2 (1.6)
Age
 13 4.2 (1.2) 5.3 (1.3) 1.0 (0.6) 2.1 (0.8) 1.0 (0.7) 1.9 (0.9) 0.5 (0.5) 15.5 (2.2) 1.2 (0.7) 42.5 (3.0)
 14 7.3 (1.4) 7.9 (1.5) 2.3 (0.9) 7.4 (1.5) 4.2 (1.2) 2.7 (0.8) 0.5 (0.5) 17.2 (2.2) 4.8 (0.3) 31.9 (2.6)
 15 10.7 (1.8) 8.3 (1.6) 2.2 (0.8) 5.7 (1.4) 8.1 (1.6) 5.0 (1.3) 1.6 (0.7) 18.6 (2.4) 5.8 (1.4) 26.7 (2.7)
 16 15.6 (1.4) 12.1 (1.3) 3.9 (0.7) 8.0 (1.0) 20.9 (1.6) 10.4 (1.2) 2.4 (0.6) 24.2 (1.6) 11.4 (1.2) 20.6 (1.6)
 17 13.8 (1.4) 11.2 (1.3) 3.7 (0.7) 8.7 (1.1) 27.8 (1.9) 7.5 (1.1) 2.7 (0.7) 25.6 (1.8) 12.4 (1.6) 20.7 (1.7)
Area
 City 10.5 (0.8) 8.7 (0.8) 2.4 (0.4) 6.6 (0.7) 11.7 (0.9) 5.7 (0.6) 1.5 (0.3) 20.4 (1.2) 6.6 (0.6) 28.4 (1.3)
 Rural 10.0 (1.1) 9.4 (1.1) 3.1 (0.7) 6.0 (0.9) 14.0 (1.2) 5.2 (0.8) 1.7 (0.5) 20.0 (1.6) 8.2 (1.2) 27.8 (2.1)
Country of birth
 Australia 10.8 (0.7) 9.2 (0.7) 3.0 (0.4) 6.7 (0.6) 13.5 (0.8) 6.0 (0.6) 1.7 (0.3) 19.7 (1.0) 7.7 (0.6) 27.7 (1.2)
 Overseas 7.8 (1.3) 7.8 (1.5) 0.6 (0.4) 4.7 (2.5) 6.9 (1.3) 2.8 (0.9) 0.8 (0.4) 23.8 (2.5) 4.2 (1.1) 30.5 (2.9)
Education
 Not attending school 19.9 (2.7) 15.5 (2.5) 4.8 (1.6) 9.7 (2.1) 37.9 (3.3) 16.6 (2.6) 8.1 (1.9) 28.4 (3.0) 28.5 (3.4) 18.6 (2.8)
 Attending school 9.6 (0.6) 8.5 (0.6) 2.5 (0.3) 6.1 (0.6) 10.6 (0.7) 4.7 (0.5) 1.1 (0.3) 19.6 (1.0) 5.6 (0.5) 28.9 (26.5)
Total 10.4 (0.6) 9.0 (0.86) 2.6 (0.3) 6.4 (0.5) 12.5 (0.7) 5.5 (0.5) 1.6 (0.3) 20.3 (1.0) 7.2 (0.6) 28.1 (1.1)
  1. NB: Risky alcohol use defined as 4 or more standard drinks in past 30 days; illicit drug use risk defined as any drug use in past 30 days; unprotected sex risk defined as no protection against pregnancy of sexually transmitted diseases the last time the respondent had sexual intercourse; BMI (body mass index) risk defined as less than 18.5 or greater than 30; sleep risk defined as less than 7 hours per day or more than 11 hours per day on average; smoking risk defined as cigarette smoking in the past 30 days