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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of participants for adherent vs non-adherent participants

From: The association between ethnicity, stigma, beliefs about medicines and adherence in people living with HIV in a rural area in Indonesia

Characteristics Total
(n = 331)
Non-adherent
(n = 113; 34.1%)
Adherent
(n = 218; 65.9%)
p-value
Age (mean, SD) 33.3 (9.4) 31.3 (9.4) 34.3 (9.2)  
 18–27 years   43 (38.1) 53 (24.3) 0.019
 28–37 years   44 (38.9) 91 (41.7)
 Above 38 years   26 (23.0) 74 (33.9)
Gender     0.202
 Female 204 (61.6) 75 (66.4) 129 (59.2)
 Male 127 (38.4) 38 (33.6) 89 (40.8)
Marital Status     0.331
 Not-married 104 (31.4) 31 (27.4) 73 (33.5)
 Married 200 (60.4) 70 (61.9) 130 (59.6)
 Divorced/widowed 27 (8.2) 12 (10.6) 15 (6.9)
Having Children     0.259
 No 101 (30.5) 30 (26.5) 71 (32.0)
 Yes 230 (69.5) 83 (73.5) 147 (67.4)
Education     0.309
 Elementary school 7 (2.1) 1 (0.9) 6 (2.8)
 Junior high school 28 (8.5) 7 (6.2) 21 (9.6)
 High school 70 (21.1) 30 (26.5) 40 (18.3)
 Vocational 171 (51.7) 57 (50.4) 114 (52.3)
 University 8 (2.4) 4 (3.5) 4 (1.8)
 Master 47 (14.2) 14 (12.4) 33 (15.1)
Employment     0.076
 Unpaid 139 (42.0) 55 (48.7) 84 (38.5)
 Paid 192 (58.0) 58 (51.3) 134 (61.5)
Sexual Orientation     0.335
 Homosexual 9 (2.7) 1 (0.9) 8 (3.7)
 Bisexual 3 (0.9) 1 (0.9) 2 (0.9)
 Heterosexual 319 (96.4) 111 (98.2) 208 (95.4)
Religion     0.464
 Protestant 247 (74.6) 88 (77.9) 159 (72.9)
 Catholic 22 (6.6) 8 (7.1) 14 (6.4)
 Moslim 62 (18.7) 17 (15.0) 45 (20.6)
Ethnicity     0.023
 Non-Papuan 109 (32.9) 28 (24.8) 81 (37.2)
 Papuan 222 (67.1) 85 (75.2) 137 (62.8)
Support in medicine-taking from social network     0.280
 No support 113 (34.1) 43(38.1) 70 (32.1)
 Support 218 (65.9) 70 (61.9) 148 (67.9)
Regimen     0.248
 Duv-EFV 9 (1.2) 1 (0.9) 8 (3.7)
 Duv-NEV 29 (2.7) 7 (6.2) 22 (10.1)
 FDC 144 (43.5) 48 (42.5) 96 (44.0)
 TDF-3TC-Aluvia 2 (0.6) 1 (0.9) 1 (0.5)
 TDF-3TC-EFV 59 (17.8) 18 (15.9) 41 (18.8)
 TDF-3TC-NEV 10 (3.0) 2 (1.8) 8 (3.7)
 TDF-FTC-Aluvia 3 (0.9) 1 (0.9) 2 (0.9)
 TDF-FTC-EFV 70 (21.1) 33 (29.2) 37 (17.0)
 TDF-FTC-NEV 1 (0.3) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.5)
  1. *SD Standard Deviation, Duv Duviral, EFV Efavirenz, NEV Nevirapine, FDC Fixed Dose Combination (TDF + 3TC + Efavirenz), TDF Tenofovir, 3TC Lamivudine, FTC Emtricitabine
  2. *p value according to Chi square test