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Table 2 Percentage of poor, good, and excellent self-rated health by socioeconomic and religious factors in China and Korea

From: Associations of socioeconomic and religious factors with health: a population-based, comparison study between China and Korea using the 2010 East Asian social survey

Variable China Korea
Poor Good Exc P-value Poor Good Exc P-value
Education     ***     ***
 Elementary school/lower 31.4 23.9 44.7   59.7 21.0 19.3  
 Junior high school 13.6 25.2 61.2   30.6 33.9 35.5  
 Senior high school 12.4 23.1 64.5   21.4 28.8 49.8  
 College/higher 4.2 22.6 73.2   11.0 23.4 65.6  
Employment     ***     ***
 Not employeda 26.2 29.2 44.6   32.5 25.8 41.7  
 Employed 14.5 21.2 64.3   16.2 25.6 58.2  
Household income     ***     ***
 Lowest quartile 33.0 23.5 43.5   43.8 26.7 29.5  
 2nd lowest quartile 20.6 22.9 56.5   17.6 27.8 54.6  
 2nd highest quartile 14.1 21.7 64.2   14.5 28.6 56.9  
 Highest quartile 9.6 24.8 65.6   13.7 20.0 66.3  
 Missing 13.7 29.1 57.2   23.5 25.5 51.0  
Self-assessed social class     ***     ***
 Lowest 31.7 27.6 40.7   39.0 29.5 31.5  
 Low 18.1 25.1 56.8   21.9 29.7 48.4  
 High 13.0 22.0 65.0   18.9 23.5 57.6  
 Highest 15.7 18.4 65.9   20.8 20.3 58.9  
Religion         ***
 Christian 24.7 24.7 50.6   20.7 20.5 58.8  
 Buddhist 19.4 27.7 52.9   31.1 27.4 41.5  
 Other 18.4 23.8 57.8   18.6 28.5 52.9  
N 3629     1351    
  1. Note: *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001
  2. P-values are based on Chi-squared test statistic
  3. a’Not employed’ includes the unemployed, the retired, the permanently disabled out of labour force, students and housewives
  4. b’Others’ includes Islam, Hinduism, atheism, agnosticism, and other religions