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Table 2 Crude and adjusted odd ratios for the potential risk factors of PDN in Eastern Libya

From: A cross-sectional study to estimate the point prevalence of painful diabetic neuropathy in Eastern Libya

Predictor binary variables PDN
Present
PDN
Absent
Odds ratio
(95% CI, P value)
Adjusted odds ratio
(95% CI, P value)
Sex
 Mena 96 128 0.97 0.24
 Women 95 131 (0.67 to 1.4, 0.86) (0.17 to 0.48, 0.89)
Age
  ≤ 60 yearsa 138 126 1.93 0.54
  > 60 years 53 43 (1.22 to 3.04, 0.005) (0.26 to 1.1, 0.89)
BMI
  < 30 Kg/m2 a 66 183 4.56 3.96
  ≥ 30 Kg/m2 125 76 (3.1 to 6.8, < 0.0001) (2.25 to 6.96, < 0.0001)
Smoking
 Non-smokersa 68 25 5.60 8.28
 Smokers 123 234 (3.11 to 8.60, < 0.0001) (3.53 to 19.42, < 0.0001)
Duration of diabetes
 5–15 yearsa 41 224 23.41 25.85
  > 15 years 150 35 (14.26 to 38.46, < 0.0001) (13.56 to 49.31, < 0.0001)
Fasting blood sugar
  ≤ 125 mg/dla 65 155 3.11 3.51
  > 125 mg/dl 125 96 (2.1 to 4.6, < 0.0001) (1.99 to 6.21, < 0.0001)
  1. aReference group