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Table 6 Overall association between access to basic sanitation and latrine use (combined from each model using imputed latrine use as the outcome)

From: Latent variable modeling to develop a robust proxy for sensitive behaviors: application to latrine use behavior and its association with sanitation access in a middle-income country

Model Covariate Unadjusted OR (95% CI) Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Less than basic sanitation (referent group) 1 (−) 1 (−)
Basic sanitation 1.1 (0.6–2.2) 1.1 (0.6–2.1)
Less than primary school (referent group) 1 (−)
Completed primary school 1.4 (0.6–3.3)
Less than secondary school 2.1 (0.9–4.9)
Completed secondary school 2.4 (0.8–6.8)
Chachi, Mestizo, or Other Ethnicity (referent group) 1 (−)
Afro-Ecuadorian 1.0 (0.5–2.0)
Male (referent group) 1 (−)
Female 1.5 (0.8–3.2)
Household walls constructed of other material (referent group) 1 (−)
Household constructed of cement 0.6 (0.3–1.2)
Asset Deprived Household (referent group) 1 (−)
Non-asset Deprived Household 0.5 (0.3–1.0)
  1. The odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) is presented for relevant variables in the unadjusted and the adjusted models