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Table 4 Participants’ knowledge and perceptions of suggested CE control measures: pros and cons

From: Community perception and knowledge of cystic echinococcosis in the High Atlas Mountains, Morocco

Rank Perceived acceptable control measures Perceived non-acceptable control measures
Measure Advantages Measure Obstacles
1 Kill stray dogs only Help eliminate dogs and their threats Replace sheep with goats Against the culture (food habits, religion); many disadvantages of goat herding
2 Stop feeding dogs with sheep cysts Contribute to decreasing the disease Kill all dogs Some dogs have a role (useful) and the right to live (have a soul)
3 Feeding dogs personally Prevent dogs going out to look for their food and returning with diseases Stop feeding dogs with sheep cysts Cysts can be found anywhere else (souk, slaughterhouses)
4 Prevention versus treatmenta More efficient than treatment Feeding dogs yourself Impossible to educate a dog (big appetite)
5 Kill all dogs Fewer problems Kill stray dogs only Dogs always reappear (reproduction difficult to control) especially if culling campaigns are not carried out regularly
6 Bury infected offal Prevent dogs’ access to offal No more owning dogs Dogs are needed
7 Stop owning dogs Not specified Do not throw away carcases Too costly and time consuming to bury them
8 Stop throwing away carcasses Avoid the bad smell Bury wasted offal Dogs have a strong sense of smell and offal is not buried deep enough
9 Replace sheep with goats Healthier meat with fewer cysts found (less contacts with dogs) Burn infected offal Too costly
10 Burn infected offal Prevent dogs having access to offal and people having to retrieve them
Avoid bad smell
Reduce dogs’ access to slaughterhousesb Not the best method to control the disease because it does not come from the slaughterhouse but from the pastures
  1. aControl measures suggested only to men, women and student groups
  2. bControl measure suggested only to the butchers