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Table 1 Characteristics of respondents, Liberia, 2007–2016

From: Maternal health care service utilization in post-war Liberia: analysis of nationally representative cross-sectional household surveys

Variable, %(95% CI) 2007 DHS (n = 7092) 2013 DHS (n = 9239) 2016 MIS (n = 4290)
Mean age (SD) 29.2 (9.6) 29.2 (9.8) 28.7 (9.4)
Mean age at first birth (SD) 18.6 (3.7) 18.2 (3.4) No data
Age
 15–19 18.9 (18.0–19.8) 20.7 (19.9–21.6) 20.9 (19.7–22.1)
 20–24 19.5 (18.6–20.5) 17.1 (16.4–17.9) 18.6 (17.5–19.8)
 25–29 16.4 (15.5–17.3) 17.2 (16.4–17.9) 15.8 (14.8–17.0)
 30–34 14.1 (13.4–15.0) 13.5 (12.8–14.2) 15.8 (14.7–17.0)
 35–39 13.1 (12.3–13.9) 13.0 (12.3–13.7) 12.5 (11.6–13.5)
 40–44 9.5 (8.8–10.2) 9.8 (9.2–10.4) 9.4 (8.6–10.4)
 45–49 8.5 (7.9–9.2) 8.7 (8.2–9.3) 6.9 (6.2–7.7)
Region
 Morovia 26.2 (25.2–27.2) 21.3 (20.1–22.5)
 North Western 10.8 (10.1–11.5) 16.9 (16.1–17.6) 12.2 (11.2–13.2)
 South Central 15.1 (14.3–16.0) 29.9 (28.9–30.8) 17.0 (15.9–18.1)
 South Eastern A 11.3 (10.6–12.1) 14.8 (14.1–15.5) 14.9 (13.9–16.0)
 South Eastern B 17.5 (16.7–18.4) 15.5 (14.8–16.2) 17.4 (16.3–18.5)
 North Central 19.0 (18.2–20.0) 23.0 (22.2–23.9) 17.3 (16.2–18.5)
Place of residence
 Urban 45.0 (43.9–46.2) 40.3 (39.3–41.3) 54.3 (52.8–55.8)
 Rural 55.0 (53.8–56.1) 59.7 (58.7–60.7) 45.7 (44.2–47.2)
Level of education
 No education 41.8 (40.6–42.9) 39.8 (38.8–40.8) 35.5 (34.1–36.9)
 Primary 35.0 (33.9–36.1) 34.6 (33.6–35.6) 27.6 (26.3–29.0)
 Secondary 21.6 (20.6–22.6) 23.4 (22.6–24.3) 32.8 (31.4–34.2)
 Higher 1.7 (1.4–2.0) 2.2 (1.9–2.5) 4.1 (3.5–4.7)
Religion
 Christian 87.1 (86.3–87.9) 85.2 (84.4–85.9) 87.9 (86.9–88.8)
 Muslim 9.9 (9.2–10.6) 11.9 (11.2–12.6) 10.4 (9.5–11.4)
 Traditional 0.4 (0.3–0.6) 0.4 (0.3–0.5) 0.4 (0.2–0.6)
 Nil 2.6 (2.3–3.0) 0.3 (0.2–0.4) 1.3 (1.0–1.7)
Sex of household head
 Male 64.8 (63.7–65.9) 63.8 (62.8–64.7) 66.2 (64.7–67.6)
 Female 35.2 (34.1–36.3) 36.2 (35.3–37.2) 33.8 (32.4–35.3)
Frequency of reading newspaper or magazine    No data
Not at all 77.2 (76.2–78.2) 84.6 (83.9–85.4)  
Less than once a week 7.9 (7.2–8.5) 9.4 (8.8–10.0)  
At least once a week 10.7 (10.0–11.4) 5.9 (5.5—6.4)  
Almost every day 4.3 (3.8–4.8)  
Frequency of listening to radio    No data
Not at all 40.0 (38.8–41.1) 33.5 (32.6–34.5)  
Less than once a week 11.2 (10.4–11.9) 31.4 (30.5–32.4)  
At least once a week 22.2 (21.3–23.2) 35.1 (34.1–36.1)  
Almost every day 26.7 (25.6–27.7)  
Frequency of watching television    No data
Not at all 61.6 (60.4–62.7) 73.5 (72.6–74.4)  
Less than once a week 10.2 (9.5–10.9) 14.9 (14.2–15.7)  
At least once a week 17.1 (16.2–18.0) 11.5 (10.9–12.2)  
Almost every day 11.2 (10.4–11.9)  
Wealth index
 Poorest 19.0 (18.1–19.9) 28.0 (27.1–28.9) 23.5 (22.2–24.8)
 Poorer 19.5 (18.6–20.4) 24.7 (23.8–25.6) 18.7 (17.6–19.9)
 Middle 19.7 (18.8–20.6) 21.6 (20.8–22.5) 22.6 (21.4–23.9)
 Richer 22.1 (21.1–23.0) 14.1 (13.4–14.9) 18.3 (17.1–19.4)
 Richest 19.8 (18.9–20.7) 11.6 (10.9–12.2) 16.9 (15.9–18.1)
Children ever born
 1–4 65.6 (64.4–66.8) 62.0 (60.9–63.1) 62.1 (60.5–63.8)
  > 4 34.4 (33.2–35.6) 38.0 (36.9–39.1) 37.9 (36.2–39.5)