Skip to main content

Table 2 General characteristics of attitude towards tobacco smoking among 1784 participants of PURE Poland study

From: Sociodemographic characteristic of changes in smoking patterns in rural and urban population of PURE Poland study: findings from 6-year follow up

Characteristics Ever smokers Never smokers P-value
Current smokers Former smokers Total
Baseline 2007–2010 6 years study P-value Baseline 2007–210 6 years study P-value Baseline 2007–2010 6 years study Baseline 2007–2010 6 years study a) b) c) d) e) f)
Total N
% (95% Cl)
356
20.0 (18.1–21.9)
302
16.9 (15.2–18.8)
0.019 566
31.7 (29.6–33.9)
622
34.9 (32.7–37.1)
0.008 922
51.7 (49.3–54.0)
924
51.8 (49.4–54.1)
862
48.3 (46.0–50.7)
860
48.2 (45.9–50.6)
0.029 0.947
Sex
 Men N
% (95% Cl)
142
22.4 (19.2–25.8)
116
18.3 (15.4–21.5)
0.081 263
41.5 (37.6–45.4)
288
45.4 (41.5–49.4)
0.053 405
63.9 (60.0–67.6)
404
63.7 (59.8–67.5)
229
36.1 (32.4–40.0)
230
36.3 (32.5–40.2)
< 0.001 < 0.001 0.153 0.953 < 0.001 < 0.001
 Women N
% (95% Cl)
214
18.6 (16.4–21.0)
186
16.2 (14.1–18.4)
0.171 303
26.3 (23.8–29.0)
334
29.0 (26.4–31.8)
0.063 517
44.9 (42.1–47.9)
520
45.2 (42.3–48.1)
633
55.1 (52.1–57.9)
630
54.8 (51.9–57.7)
0.176 0.90
Birth-year cohort
 < 1940 N
% (95% Cl)
2
1.8 (0.2–6.4)
6
5.4 (2.0–11.4)
0.150 33
29.7 (21.4–39.1)
30
27.0 (19.0–36.3)
0.144 35
31.5 (23.0–41.0)
36
32.4 (23.9–42.0)
76
68.5 (59.0–77.0)
75
67.6 (58.0–76.1)
< 0.001 < 0.001 0.341 0.886 < 0.001 < 0.001
 1940–1960 N
% (95% Cl)
269
20.7 (19.2–23.8)
208
16.6 (14.6–18.7)
0.002 430
34.3 (31.6–37.0)\
479
38.2 (35.5–40.9)
0.001 690
55.0 (52.2–57.8)
687
54.8 (51.9–57.5/)
565
45.0 (42.2–47.8)
568
45.2 (42.5–48.1)
0.005 0.904
 1961–1979 N
% (95% Cl)
94
22.5 (18.6–26.6)
88
21.1 (17.2–25.3)
0.675 103
24.5 (20.6–29.1)
113
27.0 (22.8–31.6)
0.492 197
47.0 (42.3–52.0)
201
48.1 (43.2–53.0)
221
52.9 (48.0–57.7)
217
51.9 (47.0–56.8)
0.697 0.080
Place of residence
 Urban N
% (95% Cl)
176
16.4 (14.2–18.7)
146
13.6 (11.6–15.8)
0.070 393
36.5 (33.7–39.5)
422
39.2 (36.3–42.2)
0.050 569
52.9 (49.9–55.9)
568
52.8 (49.9–55.9)
506
47.1 (44.1–50.1)
507
47.2 (44.1–50.2)
< 0.001 0.194 0.147 0.966 < 0.001 0.277
 Rural N
% (95% Cl)
180
25.5 (22.2–28.8)
156
22.0 (19.0–25.2)
0.114 173
24.4 (21.3–27.7)
200
28.2 (24.9–31.7)
0.056 353
47.8 (46.0–53.5)
356
50.2 (46.5–54.0)
356
50.2 (46.5–54.0)
353
49.8 (46.0–53.5)
0.159 0.873
Level of Education*
 Primary N
% (95% Cl)
46
18.8 (14.1–24.3)
47
19.3 (14.5–24.8)
0.908 59
24.2 (18.9–30.0)
59
24.2 (18.9–30.0)
0.938 105
43.0 (36.7–49.5)
106
43.5 (37.1–49.9)
139
57.0 (50.5–63.3)
138
56.5 (50.1–62.9)
< 0.001 < 0.001 0.993 0.927 < 0.001 < 0.001
 Vocational N
% (95% Cl)
84
29.3 (24.1–34.9)
68
23.7 (19.2–29.4)
0.130 79
27.5 (22.4–33.1)
95
33.1 (27.7–38.9)
0.136 163
56.8 (50.8–62.6)
163
56.8 (50.8–62.6)
124
43.2 (37.4–49.2)
124
43.2 (37.4–49.2)
0.206 1.000
 Secondary 146
20.7 (17.8–23.9)
127
18.0 (15.3–21.1)
0.200 258
36.7 (33.1–40.3)
277
39.3 (35.7–43.1)
0.151 404
57.4 (53.6–61.1)
404
57.4 (53.6–61.1)
300
42.6 (38.9–46.4)
300
42.6 (38.9–46.4)
0.343 1.000
 Higher N
% (95% Cl)
80
14.7 (11.8–17.9)
60
11.0 (8.5–13.9)
0.700 169
30.9 (27.1–35.0)
190
34.8 (30.8–39.0)
0.043 249
45.6 (41.4–49.9)
250
45.8 (41.5–50.1)
297
54.4 (50.1–58.6)
296
54.2 (49.9–58.5)
0.130 0.952
  1. a): chi-square test comparing current smokers, former smokers and never smokers in Baseline 2007
  2. b): chi-square test comparing ever smokers and never smokers in Baseline 2007–2010
  3. c): chi-square test comparing current smokers, former smokers and never smokers Baseline 2007–2010 and 6 years study
  4. d): chi-square test comparing ever smokers and never smokers Baseline 2007–2010 and 6 years study
  5. e): chi-square test comparing current smokers, former smokers and never smokers in 6 years study
  6. f): chi-square test comparing ever smokers and never smokers in 6 years study
  7. *-3 participants were excluded due to lack of the information about level of education