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Table 1 Description of study population (%)

From: Factors related to out-of-hours help-seeking for acute health problems: a survey study using case scenarios

  Factors Categories Parents
(Nmax = 1193)a
Adults
(Nmax = 3490)b
Predisposing Age, mean (SD)   34.9 (5.1) 45.4 (10.2)
Gender Male 26.6 46.5
Female 73.4 53.5
Education level Low 5.7 11.9
Middle 31.7 51.9
High 62.5 36.1
Medical education None 84.7 90.1
Some/nurse/doctor 15.3 9.9
Ethnicity Native 83.5 79.1
Western migrant 8.7 15.8
Non-western migrant 7.7 5.1
Employment Unemployed 23.5 20.1
Employed 76.5 79.9
Living status Living alone 4.3 17.0
Living with another adult 95.7 83.0
Number of children One 25.6 n.a.
More than one 74.4  
Social support Lacking social support 15.4 25.7
Receiving social support 84.6 74.3
Health literacy – navigating the system Low ability 4.0 5.0
Middle ability 24.1 23.9
High ability 58.3 55.3
Highest ability 13.6 15.7
Health literacy – finding information Low ability 8.3 9.7
High ability 71.1 71.1
Highest ability 20.6 19.2
Self-efficacy Low 53.5 49.3
High 46.5 50.7
Anxiety No anxiety 92.7 87.9
Anxiety 7.3 12.1
Attitude towards use of out-of-hours primary care Low barrier 37.8 40.1
High barrier 62.2 59.9
Enabling Travel time <  15 min 49.4 47.1
15–30 min 43.0 43.2
>  30 min 7.7 9.7
Problems – own work No/few problems 75.1 83.6
Some/many problems 24.9 16.4
Problems - organising childcare Easy 44.4 n.a.
Difficult 55.6  
Problems - accessibility of own GP No/few problems 66.3 79.1
Some/many problems 33.7 20.9
Problems - availability of own GP No/few problems 77.4 84.8
Some/many problems 22.6 15.2
Need Self-assessed health (child/adult) Poor 2.6 13.7
Good 97.4 86.3
Behaviour Frequency of contacts to own GP None/one contact 11.9 39.2
Few contacts 47.9 43.3
More contacts 40.2 17.5
Frequency of contacts to out-of-hours care None 27.3 66.8
One contact 24.5 17.3
More contacts 48.2 15.8
  1. N.a not applicable
  2. aPercentage of missing values ranged from 0% (age, gender) to 5.3% (frequency of out-of-hours care)
  3. bPercentage of missing values ranged from 0% (age, gender) to 5.1% (travel time)