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Table 3 The estimated impacts of each privatisation scenario on alcohol-related harm based on the International Model of Alcohol Harms and Policies

From: Estimating the public health impact of disbanding a government alcohol monopoly: application of new methods to the case of Sweden

Harm measure Total Sweden 2014 Scenario 1 extraa (95% CIs) Scenario 2 extraa (95% CIs)
Alcohol attributable deaths
 Cancers 712 138 (106, 172) 219 (175, 263)
 Mental health 243 50 (40, 59) 70 (59, 78)
 Cardiovascular − 452 305 (226, 391) 516 (398, 641)
 Digestive 394 134 (100, 169) 220 (172, 270)
 Injuries 651 119 (91, 145) 183 (147, 215)
 Infectious diseases 80 17 (13, 22) 27 (22, 33)
 Type 2 diabetes −133 −6 (−5, −7) −9 (−7, − 10)
 Total deaths: N (95% 1629 763 (576–957) 1234 (974, 1501)
CIs) % Change (95% CIs) + 47% (35, 59%) + 76% (60, 92%)
Alcohol attributable hospital stays
 Cancers 3068 668 (509, 832) 1060 (846, 1277)
 Mental health 28,172 5635 (4513, 6661) 7874 (6741, 8807)
 Cardiovascular − 7934 1574 (1193, 1970) 2525 (2002, 3053)
 Digestive 1972 550 (415, 693) 896 (705, 1094)
 Injuries 10,565 1928 (1478, 2361) 2973 (2398, 3507)
 Infectious diseases 2249 503 (385, 623) 790 (633, 947)
 Type 2 diabetes − 373 −12 (−9, −14) −16 (− 14, − 18)
 Total stays: N (95% CIs) 38,091 10,859 (8493, 13,140) 16,118 (13,325, 18,685)
% Change (95% CIs) + 29% (22, 34%) + 42% (35, 49%)
  1. aCalculated as percentage change in alcohol attributable conditions