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Table 3 Mental health outcomes by type of sexual violence (N = 325)

From: Exploring the relationships between sexual violence, mental health and perpetrator identity: a cross-sectional Australian primary care study

Mental health outcomes Type of sexual violence n Mean score (SD) Unadjusted Adjusteda
Mean difference in mental health outcome score (95% CI) P-value Mean difference in mental health outcome score (95% CI) P-value
PTSD No experience of SV 175 23.7 (9.4) < 0.001 < 0.001
Unwanted sexual contact (only) 54 25.1 (9.3) 1.6 (−1.6 to 4.8)   0.8 (−2.5 to 4.0)  
Coercive behaviour and/or reproductive controlb 21 32.7 (11.9) 10.1 (5.3 to 14.9)   8.8 (3.9 to 13.7)  
Rape/sexual assault (ever) 48 36.8 (14.4) 13.2 (9.9 to 16.5)   10.5 (6.8 to 14.2)  
Depression No experience of SV 176 4.4 (5.0) < 0.001 0.016
Unwanted sexual contact (only) 54 4.8 (5.0) 0.4 (−1.1 to 1.9)   0.1 (−1.4 to 1.6)  
Coercive behaviour and/or reproductive controlb 22 6.2 (4.4) 2.0 (− 0.2 to 4.2)   1.5 (− 0.8 to 3.7)  
Rape/sexual assault (ever) 48 8.3 (5.1) 3.9 (2.3 to 5.4)   2.7 (0.9 to 4.4)  
Anxiety No experience of SV 176 2.4 (3.3) < 0.001 < 0.001
Unwanted sexual contact (only) 53 3.4 (3.4) 0.9 (− 0.1 to 1.9)   0.8 (− 0.3 to 1.8)  
Coercive behaviour and/or reproductive controlb 21 5.3 (3.3) 3.0 (1.5 to 4.5)   2.7 (1.2 to 4.2)  
Rape/sexual assault (ever) 46 5.8 (3.7) 3.3 (2.2 to 4.4)   2.3 (1.1 to 3.5)  
  1. 20 (6.2%) participants had missing data for sexual violence
  2. “No experience of SV” was used as the base level of the categorical exposure variable
  3. aAll models adjusted for clinic and experience of child abuse. PTSD and depression adjusted for age and employment status. Anxiety adjusted by age, employment status and whether participant had completed high school
  4. bIncludes those who have and have not experienced unwanted sexual contact
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