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Table 1 Descriptive and univariate association between religion variables, sociodemographic covariates and HIV prevention variables in the National Survey on HIV in the Black American Community (NSHBC)

From: Faith leaders’ messaging is essential to enhance HIV prevention among black Americans: results from the 2016 National Survey on HIV in the black community (NSHBC).

Religion variables M (SD) or N (col %) PrEP Awareness (1 = aware) PrEP Willingness (1 = willing) Ever Tested for HIV (1 = yes) Recent HIV Testingd(1 = yes)
PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI) PR (95% CI)
Frequency of attending religious services
 Never attend 227 (0.27) 1 1 1 1
 A few times a year 20 (0.23) 1.39 (0.78, 2.46) 1.55 (1.08, 2.46) 1.28 (1.09, 1.51) 0.99 (0.69, 1.41)
 Monthly 87 (0.11) 1.64 (0.84, 3.20) 1.55 (0.96, 2.49) 1.25 (1.02, 1.52) 0.98 (0.63, 1.53)
 Weekly and greater 348 (0.39) 1.30 (0.78, 2.16) 0.91 (0.63, 1.32) 1.13 (0.96, 1.34) 0.81 (0.59, 1.12)
Any faith leaders’ message about HIV
 Never attend 227(0.27) 1 1 1 1
 Yes, heard 62 (0.08) 1.81 (0.92, 3.55) 1.57 (0.94, 2.64) 1.28 (1.03, 1.59) 0.81 (0.45, 1.45)
 No 514 (0.58) 1.36 (0.85, 2.16) 1.21 (0.87, 1.69) 1.16 (0.99, 1.35) 0.81 (0.45, 1.45)
 Unsure 58 (0.07) 1.11 (0.35, 3.54) 0.86 (0.40, 1.87) 1.36 (1.12, 1.65) 0.91 (0.68, 1.22)
Any faith leaders’ messages about same-sex relationships
 Never attend 227 (0.27) 1 1 1 1
 Yes, heard 255 (0.30) 1.63 (0.98, 2.70) 1.19 (0.82, 1.74) 1.27 (1.08, 1.49) 0.73 (0.52, 1.03)
 No 333 (0.37) 1.05 (0.61, 1.77) 1.29 (0.91, 1.84) 1.13 (0.95, 1.33) 0.85 (0.46, 1.61)
 Unsure 46 (0.06) 2.05 (0.90, 4.67) 0.76 (0.35, 1.62) 1.23 (0.97, 1.55) 0.95 (0.70, 1.28)
Supportiveness of faith leaders’ messages about HIV
 Never attend 227 (0.27) 1 1 1 1
 Attend, no responsec 579 (0.65) 1.31 (0.82, 2.09) 1.16 (0.84, 1.61) 1.19 (1.02, 1.38) 0.85 (0.46, 1.61)
 Yes, supportive 41 (0.05) 1.95 (0.90, 4.25) 1.70 (0.96, 3.00) 1.14 (0.85, 1.54) 0.98 (0.51, 1.87)
 No 5 (0.01) Omitted Omitted Omitted Omitted
 Unsure 16 (0.02) 1.04 (0.29, 3.68) 1.33 (0.43, 4.17) 1.54 (1.30, 1.82) 0.92 (0.69, 1.23)
Supportiveness of faith leaders’ messages about same-sex relationships
 Never attend 227 (0.26) 1 1 1 1
 Attend, no responsec 387 (0.43) 1.20 (0.72, 2.00) 1.20 (0.85 1.70) 1.15 (0.98, 1.35) 0.85 (0.46, 1.61)
 Yes, supportive 38 (0.04) 1.43 (0.62, 3.27) 2.17 (1.33, 3.53) 1.29 (1.03, 1.62) 0.85 (0.46, 1.61)
 No 128 (0.15) 1.97 (1.10, 3.51) 1.20 (0.75, 1.90) 1.21 (0.99, 1.46) 0.74 (0.51, 1.07)
 Unsure 88 (0.10) 1.12 (0.52, 2.40) 0.79 (0.44, 1.42) 1.35 (1.13, 1.61) 1.02 (0.76, 1.39)
ocio demographics
Age 33.63 (9) 0.97 (0.95, 0.99) 1.00 (0.98, 1.01) 1.01 (1.00, 1.12) 0.98 (0.97, 1.00)
Gender
 Men 346 (0.45) 1 1 1 1
 Women 522 (0.55) 0.85 (0.56, 1.28) 1.05 (0.78, 1.40) 1.18 (1.05, 1.33) 1.11 (0.84, 1.46)
Marital Status
 Married 243 (0.30) 1 1 1 1
 Divorce/Widowed/Separated 86 (0.09) 1.26 (0.55, 2.87) 1.72 (0.96, 3.09) 1.13 (0.99, 1.30) 1.59 (0.99, 2.55)
 Unmarried 539 (0.61) 1.45 (0.91, 2.30) 1.75 (1.20, 2.54) 0.90 (0.79, 1.02) 1.79 (1.30, 2.46)
Educational attainment
 Less than high school 62 (0.11) 0.75 (0.35, 1.57) 2.10 (1.34, 3.28) 0.94 (0.77, 1.14) 0.77 (0.44, 1.33)
 High school 179 (0.33) 0.59 (0.34, 1.02) 1.11 (0.73, 1.69) 0.78 (0.66, 0.92) 1.02 (0.72, 1.44)
 Some college 353 (0.36) 0.67 (0.43, 1.03) 1.55 (1.12, 2.16) 0.98 (0.88, 1.08) 0.96 (0.74, 1.25)
 Bachelor’s degree or higher 274 (0.20) 1 1 1 1
Time in the USA
 Less than 10 years 20 (0.02) 1.34 (0.50, 3.57) 0.53 (0.14, 2.03) 1.32 (1.21, 1.45) 0.71 (0.31, 1.61)
 10 years and more 81 (0.09) 1.33 (0.77, 2.30) 0.88 (0.53, 1.45) 0.79 (0.62, 1.00) 1.04 (0.68, 1.60)
 Born in the USA 767 (0.89) 1 1 1 1
Census Region
 Northeast 152 (0.18) 1.21 (0.70, 2.07) 0.70 (0.45, 1.08) 0.95 (0.08, 1.12) 1.10 (0.78, 1.54)
 Midwest 175 (0.17) 0.84 (0.49, 1.44) 1.03 (0.72, 1.49) 0.91 (0.77, 1.07) 0.85 (0.60, 1.22)
 South 439 (0.54) 1 1 1 1
 West 102 (0.11) 0.52 (0.24, 1.10) 1.28 (0.84, 1.93) 1.00 (0.85, 1.18) 1.13 (0.75, 1.72)
Other variables
Depressive symptoms [1 to 4] 1.58 (0.80) 1.08 (0.86, 1.36) 1.21 (1.06, 1.42) 1.02 (0.95, 1.10) 1.05 (0.91, 1.22)
HIV riska
 Yes 211 (0.23) 2.18 (1.45, 3.25) 1.18 (1.39, 2.41) 1.32 (1.20, 1.45) 1.12 (0.84, 1.46)
 No 657 (0.77) 1 1 1 1
Homophobiab [1 to 5] 2.88 (1.10) 1.34 (1.10, 1.63) 1.13 (0.99, 1.29) 0.99 (0.94, 1.05) 1.18 (1.04, 1.33)
IV-prevention variables
PrEP Awareness
 Yes, aware 136 (0.15)     
PrEP Willingness
 Yes, willing to use 234 (0.27)     
Ever tested for HIV
 Yes 627 (0.71)     
Recent HIV testingd
 Yes 253 (0.28)     
  1. Notes. M mean, SD standard deviation, N unweighted sample, col% based on weighted data. PR Prevalence Ratio, CI Confidence Interval. a=HIV Risk variable is a derived variable corresponding to >1 sexual partner in the past 3 months or anal sex & greater than 1 partner or STD in the past 3 months or lifetime illicit drug use or > 1 sexual partner in the past 3 months, and no condom use, or any transactional sex. b=homophobia is the mean of a seven-item scale measuring ones’ view of same sex couples and homosexuality. c=a few people attended but had no responses to the question. d=Tested for HIV in the past 12 months among all participants.
  2. PrEP=Pre-exposure Prophylaxis. Omitted in the regression because of small cell count.